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1855 Classification

Classifications of wineries ( Châteaux ) or crying in the Bordeaux took place already in the 18th century. Today there are five systems; the most famous dates from 1855. However, only wines from the left bank ( Rive gauche ) the Gironde considered, these include the areas Médoc. Graves and Sauterne, Of course, but also grow on the right bank ( Rive droite ) such. B. Fronsac. Pomerol and Saint-Emilion excellent wines. The more than one and a half centuries old classification applies regardless of the different from year to year quality the wines. So far there was as an absolute exception only a single change, in which the Château Mouton-Rothschild rose from second to first place. It still has great importance and is therefore marketed by wineries marketing the rank on the label used.

Bordeaux classification - systems or logos

The current remaining four systems for other Bordeaux areas (which, as mentioned, 1855 were not considered) were introduced much later. The cru classes are different in designation and in the number of quality levels, which is opposite to the standard and applicable to all appellations Burgundy classification is quite confusing. There have been repeated attempts at unification. A suggestion came from Alexis Lichine (1913-1989), which was ultimately not realized.

  • Médoc for red wines with five levels - 1855
  • Sauterne and Barsac for white wines with three levels - 1855
  • Cru Bourgeois (Médoc) with one level - from the 1920s, recognized by the EC in 1976
  • Cru Artisan (Médoc) with one level - 1989, recognized by EU in 1994
  • Graves for red and white wines with one step - 1953 and 1959 respectively
  • Saint-Emilion with two steps - 1955

The single-tier systems Cru Bourgeois and Cru Artisan are not classified as Grands Crus wineries from the Médoc and rank behind the Grands Crus of 1855. The classification, which has been changed several times, is repeated periodically (see below). For Graves was created in 1953 and supplemented in 1959 a one-step classification, which distinguishes red and white wines (all wineries are in the range Pessac-Léognan ). For Saint-Emilion In 1955 a two-stage system was introduced, the classification is tied to the vineyards. It is checked periodically, with the wineries have to advertise. In the fields of Fronsac and Pomerol there is no classification as an exception in Bordeaux.

The association UGCB (Union des Grands Crus de Bordeaux) represents the most important Bordeaux growing areas, represents the interests of independent winegrowers and acts as a marketing platform for international customers in particular. In addition to the UGCB, there are other regional associations with similar objectives, namely the Alliance des Crus Bourgeois du Médoc, the Classement des Vins de Graves and the Classements des Vins de Saint-Émilion.

The classification of 1855

Emperor Napoleon III From 15 May to 15 November 1855 took place under the aegis of Napoleon III. (1808-1873) the World's Fair held in Paris. The main exhibition site was temporarily built between Champs-Elysées and the Seine. The Monarch commissioned the Chamber of Commerce of Bordeaux (Gironde) to prepare "a complete list of classified Bordeaux reds as well as our great white...

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