The growing area in Germany with 6,104 hectares of vineyards is located on the northern edge of the state of Bavaria. A special feature is that the Bavarian vineyards on Lake Constance around Lindau to the cultivation area Wuerttemberg belong. The area extends for the most part between Aschaffenburg and Schweinfurt and is operated by Main flowing in a large W-shape. All vineyards are on south facing valley slopes on the banks of the Main or created in side valleys of its tributaries. It is an ancient wine country, this proves a donation certificate from the year 777 to the monastery Fulda, to which the royal estate Hammelburg with eight vineyards (today's castle Saaleck with castle mountain) was appropriated. From Emperor Charlemagne (742-814) is a Gemarkungs description between Randersacker and Würzburg from 14 October 779 documented.
The center of Franconia is not only the baroque town from a viticultural point of view Würzburg, where the famous vineyard "Würzburger stone "Is - probably one of the best known German single layers. A winged word in the Middle Ages was "Frankenwein ist sick wine ". The writer Kurt Tucholsky (1890-1935) perceived the Franconian wine as "deep and pure as a bell". There is a continental climate with dry, warm summers and cold winters. Over 40% of the wines are in bocksbeutel bottled. This bottle shape is legally protected for Franconian quality wines and a wine route named after. An important Franconian viticulture pioneer was the owner Sebastian Englerth (1804-1880).
Franconia used to be in the three areas Maindreieck. Mainviereck and Steigerwald structured with 23 major layers and 216 individual layers. In November 2011, a new regulation was adopted by the members of the Franconian Winegrowing Association. The three old areas are replaced by 12 much smaller ones. In the medium to long term, these will also replace the 23 major locations. The old areas once played a role in the predominant marketing of Franconian table wine, which they had lost for some time. The 12 new areas correspond mutatis mutandis to the valid since 2009 wine PDO (Protected Designation of Origin):
Abt Degen wine valley
The one after Alberich Degen (1625-1686), the abbot of Cistercian monastery Ebrach named area lies between Haßfurt and Bamberg in the northeast of the Steigerwald and on the southern edge of the Haßberge. The vineyards cover 115 hectares of vineyards. The municipalities with their individual layers:
Alzenauer wine region
The area includes the vineyards of the city Aschaffenburg incl. OT dam and OT Obernau, the city Alzenau including OT Hörstein, OT Wasserlos, OT Michelbach and OT Dörsthofe, the market Hösbach incl. OT Rottenberg. The vineyards cover 90 hectares of vineyards. The municipalities with their individual layers:
The area extends along the Main, from Großostheim in the north to Weilbach in the south, and from Großostheim in the west to Dorfprozelten in the east. The vineyards cover 255 hectares of vineyards. The municipalities with their individual layers:
The area of Frankens Saalestück extends along the Franconian Saale with the city of Hammelburg and its districts in the center. The expansion takes place from Obererthal (north) to Hammelburg (south) or from Obereschenbach (west) to Ramsthal (east). The vineyards cover 155 hectares of vineyards. The municipalities with their individual layers:
Main Kingdom of Heaven
The area stretches from Marktheidenfeld in the north to Neubrunn, OT Böttigheim, in the south and from Kreuzwertheim in the west to Uettingen in the east. The vineyards cover 125 hectares of vineyards. The municipalities with their individual layers:
The area can be described as a triangle with the key points Würzburg, Frickenhausen am Main and Mainstockheim. It also includes the surfaces along the Tauber, The vineyards cover over 1,300 hectares of vineyards. The municipalities with their individual layers:
Central Franconian Bocksbeutel street
The area extends from Rothenburg ob der Tauber in the south to Neundorf in the...