The red grape comes from France; the name means "early maturity" in local dialect. Synonyms are Early Burgundy, Early Burgundy ( Australia. California ); Beaujolais, Black Cluster, Gamay Beaujolais, Gamay de Beaujolais, Gamay du Rhône, Gamay Saint-Laurent, Loubéjac, Malbec Argenté, Noir Hatif, Plant Abouriou, Précoce Naugé, Précoce Noir, Pressac de Bourgogne ( France ). Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Cot (Malbec, Pressac), Gamay or Noir Hatif de Marseille be confused. By done in 2009 DNA analysis there was one Parent-offspring relationship to Magdeleine Noire des Charentes (also parent of Merlot and Cot). The Abouriou variety was a crossing partner of the new varieties Ederena. Egiodola. Hron. Nitranka. Rimava and váh,
The early ripening, productive vine is generally resistant to fungal diseases, It produces deep dark red wines with a fruity berry aroma. The variety was particularly popular in the Lot-et-Garonne department until the mid-19th century Southwest France widespread. The almost extinct vine was reactivated by a breeder named Numa Naugé, so one of the synonyms is named after him. It is in the fields Cotes du Marmandais and Vins d'Estaing, as well as in several Vins de pays authorized. In 2010, 329 hectares of vineyards were recorded in France with a downward trend (in 2000 there were 419). There are also stocks in Australia and California (there it was often confused with the Beaujolais grape Gamay).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)