The red grape variety comes from France; the name means "early maturity" according to the local dialect. Synonyms are Early Burgundy, Early Burgundy ( Australia. California ); Beaujolais, Black Cluster, Gamay Beaujolais, Gamay de Beaujolais, Gamay du Rhône, Gamay Saint-Laurent, Loubéjac, Malbec Argenté, Noir Hatif, Plant Abouriou, Précoce Naugé, Précoce Noir, Pressac de Bourgogne ( France ). Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological She may not share similarities with the varieties Cot (Malbec, Pressac), Gamay or Noir Hatif de Marseille be confused. Made in 2009 DNA analysis arose Parent-offspring relationship to Magdeleine Noire des Charentes (also parent of Merlot and cot). The variety Abouriou was crossbred partner of the new breeds Ederena. Egiodola. Hron. Nitranka. Rimava and váh,
The early-ripening, high-yielding vine is generally resistant to fungal diseases, It produces deep dark red wines with fruity berry flavor. The variety was until the mid-19th century, especially in the department of Lot-et-Garonne in Southwest France widespread. The nearly extinct vine was reactivated by a breeder named Numa Naugé, so one of the synonyms is named after him. She is in the fields Côtes du Marmandais and Vins d'Estaing, as well as in several Vins de pays authorized. In 2010, 329 hectares of vineyards in France were declining (from 419 in 2000). Stocks are also available in Australia and California (She was often confused with the Beaujolais grape Gamay).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)