The Italian Region (Italian Abruzzi) with the capital L'Aquila is east of Rome with a 130 km long Adriatic coast. It is divided into the provinces of Chieti, L'Aquila, Teramo and Pescara. Winegrowing was done here by the Etruscans as early as the 7th century BC BC introduced. The Greek historian Polybius (210-120 BC) mentions in part of his history of the Roman Empire Carthaginian General Hannibal (247-183 BC) that the wines from here were particularly suitable for strengthening the soldiers. Roman authors too Pliny the Elder (23-79) and Andrea Bacci (1524-1600) commend the wines.
The region is dominated by the Apennines, which reach their highest peaks here with the Corno Grande (2,912 m) in the Gran Sasso massif and Monte Amaro (2,795 m). Around two thirds are mountainous and one third are hilly. Winegrowing is sometimes also carried out in high altitudes up to 600 meters above sea level at the foot of the mountain range. The climate is characterized by extreme temperature differences between day and night or summer and winter. The vineyards cover around 33,000 hectares of vines on lime, clay, sand and gravel soils.
Important red wine varieties are Barbera. Cabernet Franc. Cabernet Sauvignon. Ciliegiolo. Merlot. Montepulciano, Pinot Nero ( Pinot Noir ) and Sangiovese, Important types of white wine are Bombino Bianco. Chardonnay. cococciola. Falanghina. Malvasia Bianca di Candia. Montonico Bianco, Moscato ( Muscat Blanc ) Passerina. Pecorino. Riesling, Sauvignon ( Sauvignon Blanc ) Traminer. Trebbiano d'Abruzzo. Trebbiano Toscano and Verdicchio ( Verdicchio Bianco ). The nine IGT wines (or IGP - the country wines) are Colli Aprutini, Colli del Sangro, Colli Frentane, Colline Pescaresi, Colline Teatini, Del Vastese or Histonium, Terre Aquilane, Terre di Chieti and Valle Peligna. The nine DOCG / DOC zones, which were significantly changed in 2011, account for around half of the wine production: