The Italian Region (ital. Abruzzi) with the capital L'Aquila is located east of Rome with an approximately 130 kilometers long Adriatic coast. It is divided into the provinces of Chieti, L'Aquila, Teramo and Pescara. Viticulture was here by the Etruscans already in the 7th century BC Introduced in Chr. The Greek historian Polybios (210-120 BC) mentions in his History of the Roman Empire in the section on the Carthaginian Commander Hannibal (247-183 BC), that the wines from here were particularly suitable for strengthening the soldiers. Also the Roman authors Pliny the Elder (23-79) and Andrea Bacci (1524-1600) mention the wines praising.
The region is dominated by the Apennines, which reach their highest peaks here with the Corno Grande (2,912 m) in the Gran Sasso massif and Mount Amaro (2,795 m). About two thirds are mountainous and one third hilly. Viticulture is partly operated in high altitudes up to 600 meters above sea level at the foot of the mountain range. The climate is characterized by extreme temperature differences between day and night or summer and winter. The vineyards cover about 33,000 hectares of vineyards on limestone, loam, sand and gravel.
Important red wines are Barbera. Cabernet Franc. Cabernet Sauvignon. Ciliegiolo. Merlot. Montepulciano, Pinot Nero ( Pinot Noir ) and Sangiovese, Important white wines are Bombino Bianco. Chardonnay. cococciola. Falanghina. Malvasia Bianca di Candia. Montonico Bianco, Moscato ( Muscat Blanc ) Passerina. Pecorino. Riesling, Sauvignon ( Sauvignon Blanc ) Traminer. Trebbiano d'Abruzzo. Trebbiano Toscano and Verdicchio ( Verdicchio Bianco ). The nine IGT wines (or IGP - the land wines) are Colli Aprutini, Colli del Sangro, Colli Frentane, Colline Pescaresi, Colline Teatini, Del Vastese or Histonium, Terre Aquilane, Terre di Chieti and Valle Peligna. The 2011 heavily modified nine DOCG / DOC zones account for around half of the wine production: