Name for the multiplication result of vines (or other plants) and / or also for the necessary ones previously buried in the earth shoot, Synonyms are turners, offshoots, depositors, foxlings, freshlings, dogs, marbles, newcomers, nicklings and tail vines. The ancient method was already used by the Roman wine authors Columella (1st century AD). Before the phylloxera this was a commonly practiced form of vegetative propagation of vines, especially in dry locations. A long shoot of a vine is lowered onto the ground and buried in the normal planting depth. The tip is bent up and brought up again. This practice is also known as turning, showering or marching (French: Marcottage). A genetically 100% identical vine (a clone ), which remains connected to the mother plant until it has taken root and established itself at the new location.
The advantage of this method is that young vines are also taken care of by the more deeply rooted mother vine, even in the event of summer drought, and the establishment success compared to cuttings is much higher. It is disadvantageous that the radius is very limited due to the length of the rods and cannot be used for flat new systems. But it is well suited for planting gaps or for rejuvenating old vines in a stand. However, (assuming that the mother vine was grafted) the phylloxera resistance is lost because the new vine is ungrafted, So it's one finishing required.
Complete lists of the numerous vinification measures or cellar techniques, as well as the various types of wine, sparkling wine and distillate regulated by wine law are under the keyword winemaking contain. There is extensive wine law information under the keyword wine law,
Graphics: taken from Bauer / Regner / Schildberger, viticulture,
ISBN: 978-3-70402284-4, Cadmos Verlag GmbH