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See below vineyards,

For with vines There are planted areas in the wine-producing countries numerous different names. In the German-speaking countries, Rebberg, Weinberg, Wengert, Wingert (especially in Germany) or Weingarten (especially in Austria) are common. This can be a relatively small area (owned by a single owner), but it can also be a very large area that many owners share. It also does not necessarily have to be related vines trade planted area. In the event of fragmentation, one speaks of a scattered vineyard. In the vineyard, this does not necessarily have to be one, despite the name “berg” hillside with more or less strong Tilt, but is often used in a romanticizing way for flat surfaces. The picture shows the Riede Zieregg from the Manfred winery Tement in southern Styria (Austria):

Riede Zieregg Southern Styria

Geographically defined and possibly origin protected Areas can, but do not have to, coincide with vineyard or vineyard boundaries. That means that a vineyard or vineyard with one Single Location (Germany) or Riede (Austria) exactly match, but can also consist of several such territorial units. The designations often refer to the very special local nature and can also mean a quality categorization. The have a decisive influence on the quality of the vineyard or the wine pressed from there soil type, the climate (Microclimate) and the vine, The term is often used for this terroir used for specific circumstances with distinctive characteristics.

In a narrower sense, vine area is generally understood as the area actually used for growing vines. Strictly speaking, however, a distinction is made between the yield area (from which grapes are harvested), planted vines (area with young vines still without yield) and total vine area (including the fallow, these are areas not planted with vines). In Europe is the area dimension hectare the standard measure, in England and the New world is too acre...

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