The red grape variety probably comes from Germany, Synonyms are Blauer Affenthaler, Kleiner Trollinger, Morillon Aigret, Pineau Aigret and sour burgundy. You must not use the well-known red wine Affentaler (without "h") from the growing area to bathe be confused, which is confusingly geographically the same area from the variety Pinot Noir (Pinot Noir) is pressed. According to in 2018 DNA analysis is the variety from a presumably natural cross between Gouais Blanc (White Heisch) x Süßschwarz emerged. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ).
The origin is in the area of the municipality of Affental southwest of Baden-Baden. The variety was first mentioned in 1791 by the ampelographer Johann Michael Sommer (1743-1803). It was traditionally in Wuerttemberg on the lower and middle Neckar as well as in the Enz and Remstal together with the Trollinger ( schiava ), which is probably the reason for the synonym Kleiner Trollinger. After the Second World War, cultivation was abandoned and the variety was considered to be lost except for a few virus-infected sticks. In 2004 two old healthy house blocks were rediscovered in Kaisersbach and Steinheim. The late ripening vine is resistant to frost and produces fine, acidic red wines. The variety is cultivated by the Affental winegrowers' cooperative. In 2010, however, no stock was shown (Kym Anderson ).
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)