It was not until the mid-eighteenth century that its own political history began in this Asian country. Previously, the area was a continuous country of passage for conquests (for example, Alexander the Great) and was ruled by various peoples. In the Hindukush (ravine-rich high mountains in the northeast) the sect of the Ismaeliten operated viticulture and there were vineyards along the silk road in the Hunzatal. In the 16th century Afghanistan belonged to the Indian Mughal Empire. At that time, wine was delivered via the Silk Road to the court of Sultan Babur (1483-1530) in Agra (southeast of Delhi), who founded this empire. In the 19th century, viticulture lost its importance and was only revived again at the end of the 1960s near Kabul. In 2012, the vineyards covered 62,000 hectares of vineyards, but almost exclusively for the production of table grapes
were used. However, decades of war and the measures taken during the Taliban's rule to punish wine trade in 1992 have almost stopped wine production and have not recovered even after the fall of the Taliban regime.