It was only in the middle of the 18th century that this Asian country began to have its own state history, before that the area was a constant country for conquests (e.g. Alexander the Great) and was ruled by various peoples. In the Hindu Kush (high mountains rich in gorges in the northeast) the Ismaelites sect cultivated wine and there were vineyards along the Silk Road in the Hunza Valley. In the 16th century, Afghanistan belonged to the Indian Mughal Empire. At that time, wine was delivered via the Silk Road to the court of Sultan Babur (1483-1530) in Agra (southeast of Delhi), who founded this empire. Viticulture lost its importance in the 19th century and was only revived at Kabul in the late 1960s. In 2012, the vineyards covered 62,000 hectares, but almost exclusively for the production of table grapes
were used. Decades of warfare and measures taken during the rule of the Taliban, which penalized trade in wine in 1992, brought wine production to a standstill and did not recover even after the Taliban regime was overthrown.