The white grape variety comes from the Middle East, mglw. from the Lebanon, The over 220 Synonyms in many languages indicate age and worldwide distribution. The two most common are Dattier de Beyrouth and Regina , others are Afuz Ali, Alepo, Anabolitiko, Bolgar Szölö, Datteltraube, Dimiski, Inzolia Imperiale, Izmir Razaki, Karaburnu, Marsigliana Bianca, Pergolone, Raisin d'Or, Razaki, Real, Razaki, Reine, Roseti, Rozaki, Sultanai Razaki, Sultani Razaki, Uva di Constantinopla, Uva Regina, Uva Turca and Waltham Cross.
The variety was mentioned as early as the 15th century. It was allegedly brought to France in 1883 by a silk merchant from Beirut in Lebanon. Because of the large plate-shaped berries it was first known under the name Dattier de Beyrouth. The vine was crossing partner of the new breeds Augusta (1), Emilia. Franca. Gratsiya. Queen of the vineyards. Kunleány. Solferino. Victoria (1) and Yulski Biser, The image above is from the work "Ampélographie - Traité général de viticulture" by Victor Vermorel and Pierre Viala,
The late-ripening vine has large, golden yellow, crisp and slightly hard-shelled berries with a subtle nutmeg, It is mainly called table grape used and counts among the top 3 in terms of quantity. Occasionally, it also serves as a wine grape for simple wines such as in Australia. It is in larger quantities in Italy (50,000 ha), Turkey (30,000 ha), Spain (10,000 ha) and Greece (10,000 ha), as well as in Australia (7,000 ha) cultivated. The worldwide stock is estimated at 150,000 hectares of vineyards.
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)