The white grape variety comes from the Middle East, possibly. from the Lebanon, The over 220 Synonyms in many languages indicate age and worldwide distribution. The two most common are Dattier de Beyrouth and Regina , others are Afuz Ali, Alepo, Anabolitiko, Bolgar Szölö, Date Grape, Dimiski, Inzolia Imperiale, Izmir Razaki, Karaburnu, Marsigliana Bianca, Pergolone, Raisin d'Or, Razaki, Real, Razaki, Reine, Roseti, Rozaki, Sultanai Razaki, Sultani Razaki, Uva di Constantinopla, Uva Regina, Uva Turca and Waltham Cross.
The variety was mentioned as early as the 15th century. It is said that she was brought to France by a silk trader from Beirut in Lebanon in 1883. Because of the large date-shaped berries it was first known as Dattier de Beyrouth. The vine was a cross partner of the new varieties Augusta (1), Emilia. Franca. Gratsiya. Queen of the vineyards. Kunleány. Solferino. Victoria (1) and Yulski Biser, The picture above is from Victor's work "Ampélographie - Traité général de viticulture" Vermorel and Pierre Viala,
The late ripening vine has large, golden yellow, crisp and somewhat hard-shelled berries with a subtle nutmeg, It is mainly called table grape used and ranks among the top 3 in terms of volume. Occasionally, it also serves as a wine grape for simple wines, such as in Australia. It is sold in larger quantities Italy (50,000 ha), Turkey (30,000 ha), Spain (10,000 ha) and Greece (10,000 ha), as well as in Australia (7,000 ha) grown. The global stock is estimated at 150,000 hectares of vineyards.
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)