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The red grape variety comes from Italy, There are 65 Synonyms; the most important ones are Aglianica, Aglianica de Pontelatone, Aglianichella, Aglianichello, Aglianico Amaro, Aglianico Crni, Aglianico del Vulture, Aglianico di Benevente, Aglianico di Castellaneta, Aglianico di Lapio, Aglianico di Puglia, Aglianico Aglianico, Taurasi, Aglianico Aglianico, Taurasi Mascolino, Aglianico Nero, Aglianico Pannarano, Aglianico Trignarulo, Aglianico Tringarulo, Aglianico Zerpoluso, Aglianico Zerpuloso, Aglianicuccia, Agliano, Agliatica, Agliatico, Agnanico, Agnanico di Castellaneta, Casano Lavico, Casano Laviano, Cassano , Gagliano, Ghiandara, Ghianna, Ghiannara, Glianica, Gnanica, Gnanico, Granica, Hellanica, Olivella di San Cosmo, Olivella di S. Cosmo, Ruopolo, Spriema, Tringarulo, Uva Aglianica, Uva Castellaneta, Uva dei Cani, Uva di Castellaneta and Uva Nera.

Aglianico - grape and leaf

Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Aglianico di Galluccio. Aglianicone. Aleatico (Aglianico Dolce), Ciliegiolo. pignolo or Tronto (Aglianico di Napoli) can be confused. According to in 2005 DNA analysis Aglianico could be a parent of Aglianicone. According to a hypothesis, it was already in the 6th or 7th century. v. BC from the Phoenicians brought from Greece to Naples, which should also indicate the name. However, linguists doubt that the name "Aglianico" can be derived from "ellenico" (Hellenic). In 2001 DNA analyzes also showed no relationship to Greek grape varieties. The Greek ancestry is therefore unlikely. Another hypothesis that an ancestor of Aglianico is one of Pliny the Elder (23-79) described variety for the famous antique wine Falernian could no longer be verifiable.

A variety called Aglianico was first mentioned in a document from 1520, in which the owner of vineyards planted with Aglianiche vines (majority of Aglianico) is the Count of Conversano Giulio Antonio Acquaviva-d'Aragona (1428-1481) , The vine ripens very late and is resistant to real ones mildew but prone to Botrytis, It thrives particularly well on volcanic ground. The variety produces dark-colored, tannic and acid-rich red wines with aromas of plums, Cassis (black currant) and chocolate, and with the appropriate expansion also aging potential.

In southern Italy it is mainly in the regions Basilicata (Provinces of Matera and Potenza) and Campania (Provinces of Avellino and Benevento), as well Apulia. Calabria. Molise and Sardinia grown. The variety dominates in numerous DOC / DOCG wines, that is Aglianico del Taburno. Aglianico del Vulture. Biferno. Campi Flegrei. Castel del Monte. Cilento. Costa d'Amalfi. Del Molise. Falerno del Massico. Galluccio. Irpinia. Penisola Sorrentina. Sannio. Scavigna. Taurasi. Terre di Cosenza and Vesuvio, The total Italian acreage is 9,910 hectares. There are also small stocks in Argentina (53 ha) as well as allegedly Australia and California, The variety occupied a total of 9,963 hectares of vineyards in 2010. It is in the worldwide varieties ranking at rank 69.

Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service

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