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The red variety comes from Italy, There are 65 Synonyms; the most important are Aglianica, Aglianica de Pontelatone, Aglianichella, Aglianichello, Aglianico Amaro, Aglianico Crni, Aglianico del Vulture, Aglianico di Benevente, Aglianico di Castellaneta, Aglianico di Lapio, Aglianico di Puglia, Aglianico di Taurasi, Aglianico Femminile, Aglianico Liscio, Aglianico Mascolino, Aglianico Nero, Aglianico Pannarano, Aglianico Trignarulo, Aglianico Tringarulo, Aglianico Zerpoluso, Aglianico Zerpuloso, Aglianicuccia, Agliano, Agliatica, Agliatico, Agnanico, Agnanico di Castellaneta, Cascavoglia, Cassano, Cerasole, Ellenica, Ellanico, Ellenico, Fiano Rosso, Fresella , Gagliano, Ghiandara, Ghianna, Ghiannara, Glianica, Gnanica, Gnanico, Granica, Hellanica, Olivella di San Cosmo, Olivella di S. Cosmo, Ruopolo, Spriema, Tringarulo, Uva Aglianica, Uva Castellaneta, Uva dei Cani, Uva di Castellaneta and Uva Nera.

Aglianico - grape and leaf

It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Aglianico di Galluccio. Aglianicone. Aleatico (Aglianico Dolce), Ciliegiolo. pignolo or Tronto (Aglianico di Napoli). According to done in 2005 DNA analysis Aglianico could be a parent of Aglianicone. According to a hypothesis, it was already in the 6th or 7th century. v. From the Phoenicians brought from Greece to Naples, as the name suggests. However, linguists doubt that the name "Aglianico" can be derived from "ellenico" (Hellenic). In addition, DNA analyzes carried out in 2001 showed no relationship with Greek grape varieties. The Greek descent is unlikely. Another hypothesis that an ancestor of Aglianico is one of Pliny the Elder (23-79) described variety for the famous antique wine Falernian could not be verified anymore.

For the first time, a variety called Aglianico was mentioned in a document from 1520, in which, as owner of vineyards planted with Aglianiche vines (majority of Aglianico), the Count of Conversano is called Giulio Antonio Acquaviva-d'Aragona (1428-1481) , The very late ripening vine is resistant to the real mildew but prone to Botrytis, It thrives particularly well on volcanic soil. The variety produces dark-colored, tannic and acid red wines with aromas of plums, Cassis (blackcurrant) and chocolate, as well as appropriate aging and aging potential.

It is in southern Italy especially in the regions Basilicata (Provinces Matera and Potenza) and Campania (Provinces Avellino and Benevento), as well Apulia. Calabria. Molise and Sardinia grown. The variety dominates in numerous DOC / DOCG wines that are Aglianico del Taburno. Aglianico del Vulture. Biferno. Campi Flegrei. Castel del Monte. Cilento. Costa d'Amalfi. Del Molise. Falerno del Massico. Galluccio. Irpinia. Penisola Sorrentina. Sannio. Scavigna. Taurasi. Terre di Cosenza and Vesuvio, The Italian acreage amounts to a total of 9,910 hectares. There are also small stocks in Argentina (53 ha) as well as allegedly Australia and California, The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 9,963 hectares of vineyards. It lies in the worldwide varieties ranking on rank 69.

Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures : MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service

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