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The white grape comes from Spain, Synonyms are Aidén, Blanc du Zerhoun, Blancón, Burra Blanca (Canary Islands), Colgadera, El Biod, El Biodh, El Karim, Forcallada, Forcallat, Forcallat Blanca, Manchega, Valdepeñera Blanca and Valdepeñas. The exact origin is the area Cuenca in the region Castile-La Mancha, where it is known under the name Manchega. It may on the basis of seemingly indicative synonym or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Forcallat Blanca or Lairén be confused. The analysis done in Italy in 1999 found close relationship between Airén, Clairette and Roditis is by the Swiss biologist dr. José Vouillamoz doubted. According to done in 2013 DNA analysis Airén is a direct descendant of To lift; however, the second parent is unknown. By presumably, of course, crossing with Alfrocheiro is the sort Parreira Matias emerged.

Grape and leaf of Airén

The late-ripening, very productive vine is extremely resistant to drought and generally good against many diseases, as well as adapted to lean soils. It is therefore especially for the summer extremely hot areas of the region La Mancha suitable. The variety produces pale yellow, strong alcoholic, acidic neutral white wines. It is grown almost exclusively in Spain. There the stock has almost halved in 20 years from 476,396 hectares in 1990 to 252,364 hectares in 2010. The variety that has ranked number one for decades is thus worldwide varieties ranking it is only to be ranked 3. It should be noted that the trained in low bush vines with wide pole distance or low plant density (1,200 to 1,600 vines per hectare) are grown. The Airén serves mostly as a blend for simple consumption wines; With Macabeo and Malvar ( Lairén ) to fresh white wines, as well as in Central Spain with Cencibel ( Tempranillo ) to bright red wines. Above all, it provides the base wines for the distillation the Spanish brandy. The variety is the Spanish counterpart to the French Ugni Blanc ( Trebbiano Toscano ) for the cognac,

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

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