The white grape variety comes from Spain, Synonyms are Aidén, Blanc du Zerhoun, Blancón, Burra Blanca (Canary Islands), Colgadera, El Biod, El Biodh, El Karim, Forcallada, Forcallat, Forcallat Blanca, Manchega, Valdepeñera Blanca and Valdepeñas. The exact origin is the Cuenca area in the Castile-La Mancha region, where it is known as Manchega. Due to the apparently indicative synonym or morphological No similarities with the varieties Forcallat Blanca or Lairén be confused. The close relationship between Airén established in Italy in 1999, Clairette and Roditis is from the Swiss biologist Dr. José Vouillamoz doubted. According to in 2013 DNA analysis Airén is a direct descendant of To lift; however, the second parent is unknown. By probably crossing with, of course Alfrocheiro is the variety Parreira Matias emerged.
The late ripening, very productive vine is extremely resistant to drought and generally good for many diseases and adapted to poor soils. It is therefore particularly suitable for the region's extremely hot summer areas La Mancha suitable. The variety produces light yellow, strong alcoholic, acidic neutral white wines. It is grown almost exclusively in Spain. There, the population has almost halved in 20 years from 476,396 hectares in 1990 to 252,364 hectares in 2010. The number 1 variety for decades is now worldwide varieties ranking only in 3rd place. It should be noted that the vines grown in the low bush form are cultivated with a wide distance between the vines or with low planting density (1,200 to 1,600 vines per hectare). The Airén mostly serves as a blend for simple consumer wines; With Macabeo and Malvar ( Lairén ) with fresh white wines, as well as in central Spain with Cencibel ( Tempranillo ) to light red wines. Above all, it delivers the base wines for the distillation of Spanish brandies. The variety is the Spanish counterpart to the French Ugni Blanc ( Trebbiano Toscano ) for the cognac,
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)