The area is considered to be one of the cradles of European viticulture in some sources. Viticulture goes on the Phoenicians, Greeks and Romans back. Already in the 8th century BC, viticulture was cultivated in Illyria. Early Roman authors mentioned the introduction of a productive Illyrian grape variety to Italy. Greek colonies were founded in the 7th century BC. An independent kingdom of Illyria was founded around 350 BC. In the middle of the 2nd century BC the empire was conquered by the Romans and around 30 BC. BC to the province of Illyricum. From the end of the 4th century AD it belonged to the Byzantine Empire for many centuries. From the beginning of the 16th century until independence in 1912 it was under Turkish rule. At that time, viticulture was due to alcohol ban insignificant.
After the Second World War, a new beginning took place, grafting plants were planted for the first time. In 2012, the vineyards covered 10,000 hectares, which was a double of 2000. Of these, 190,000 hectoliters of wine were produced (see under Wine production volumes ). Only around 20% is used for wine production. Around 30% go into the production of raisins and table grapes, The main part with 50% is for the distillation of Raki (Schnapps) used, the traditional, high-proof is particularly popular Tresterbrand "Raki Rrushi".
The most important wine-growing regions are Shkodra with, for example, the municipality of Kallmet (northwest), the hills around the capital Tirana with, for example, the municipality of Lundër (center), Berat and Përmet (south), Durrës (central east), Korça (southeast) and Lushnja (southwest). Inland there are some terraced Vineyards up to 1,300 meters above sea level, making it one of the highest in the world counting. There will be many autochthonous Varieties grown. These are the white wines Debina Kala. Debine e Bardhë, Kryqëz, Pules. Shesh i Bardhe and Tajka e Bardhë, as well as the red wine varieties Debine e Zezë Gomaresh Kallmet. Serina e Zeze. Shesh i Zi and Vlosh, The most important international varieties are Aligoté. Barbera and Mavrud,