The area is considered in some sources as one of the cradles of European viticulture. The viticulture goes on the Phoenicians, Greeks and Romans back. Already in the 8th century BC there was cultivated viticulture in Illyria. Early Roman authors mention the introduction of a productive, Illyrian grape variety to Italy. Greek colonies were founded in the 7th century BC. Around 350 BC, an independent kingdom of Illyria emerged. In the middle of the second century BC, the empire was conquered by the Romans and around 30 BC. To the province of Illyricum. From the end of the 4th century AD, it then belonged to the Byzantine Empire for many centuries. From the beginning of the 16th century to the 1912 achieved independence, it was under Turkish rule. In this time, the viticulture was due to the alcohol ban insignificant.
After the Second World War was a Neuuanfang, it was first planted Pfropfreben. In 2012, the vineyards covered 10,000 hectares, which was a double of 2000. Of this, 190,000 hectoliters of wine were produced (see below Wine production volumes ). Only about 20% is used for wine production. Around 30% go into production raisins and table grapes, The main share with 50% is for the distillation from Raki (Liquor) used, particularly popular is the traditional, high-percentage Tresterbrand "Raki Rrushi".
The main wine-growing areas are Shkodra (northwest), the hills around the capital Tirana (center), Berat (central south) and Durrës (central east), Korça (southeast) and Lushnja (southwest). Inland, there are vineyards up to 1,300 meters above sea level. About one third of the stock is from the native varieties Shesh i Bardhë and Shesh i Zi occupied in the hills west of Tirana. Others are Debina Kala. Debine e Bardhë. Pules. Serina e Zeze and Vlosh, International varieties are Aligoté. Barbera and Mavrud,