This very old white grape variety comes from Spain. Synonyms are Albillo (see further Albillo varieties there), Albillo Blanco, Albillo Blanco Fino, Albillo Cagalon, Albillo Castellano, Albillo Castillan, Albillo de Cebreros, Albillo de Granada, Albillo de Madrid, Albillo de San Jeronimo, Albillo Pardo, Albillo Peco, Albillo Peco de Trebugena, Albillo Verdal, Castellano Bianco, Nieves Temprano, Temprana, Temprano de Campo Real and Temprano de Mora. It was mentioned as early as 1513 by the Spanish agronomist and author Gabriel Alonso de Herrera (1470-1539) in his description of the variety and the wine was described as "very clear with soft colours and taste".
Although it appears to have synonyms or morphological or name-similarities, it should not be confused with the varieties Albaranzeuli Bianco, Albillo de Albacete, Albillo Mayor, Albillo Real Extremadur, Alvarinho, Cayetana Blanca, Chenin Blanc or Pardillo. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2010, there is a parent-offspring relationship with the Legiruela variety from the province of Ávila (identical to the Prié variety from Valle d'Aosta). There is also a close genetic relationship with the Parellada variety.
Until the middle of the 20th century the variety was mainly used as a table grape, but today it is increasingly used as a wine grape. It produces golden yellow, alcoholic and aromatic white wines with a slight bitter note and also ageing potential. These are mostly used as blends also in red wines, among others in the "Unico" of the Vega Sicilia winery. It is grown in Castile and Leon (Rueda and Toro), Extremadura and Galicia. In 2010, 861 hectares of vineyards were planted in Spain (Kym Anderson statistics).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: UCDAVIS - Foundation Plant Services