The region in Portugal lies between the capital Lisbon in the north, to the border Spain in the east, the region Algarve in the south and the Atlantic in the west. The eight sub-areas are within the area defined as DOC with 20,000 hectares of vineyards Borba. Évora. Granja-Amareleja. Moura. Portalegre. Redondo. Reguengos and Vidigueira, These were previously declared as separate DOC areas (which still appears on older labels), but are now optionally listed as a sub-area next to the Alentejo DOC area. The entire region is also known as IGP (formerly VR) for Alentajano Vins classified.
Winegrowing in this area was already carried out by the Phoenicians founded long before the turn of the times. The coming Romans called the newly conquered province Lusitania and brought their wine-making knowledge and vines With. After the Roman rule, viticulture then lived a shadowy existence for many centuries. Until the end of the 1970s, Alentejo was not known for the wine, but mainly for the huge wheat fields (hence the "bread basket of Portugal"), for the numerous olive trees and for the cork oak forests scattered in the wheat fields. More than half of world production cork comes from Portugal and most of it comes from Alentejo.
From the 1980s, quality winegrowing was used. Wine from Alentejo developed into a fashion wine, which is why the area is also known as “California Portugal”. The hot, dry and almost rain-free climate with summer temperatures up to 40 ° Celsius is partly artificial irrigation required. The grapes reach maximum maturity, and the harvest takes place in mid-August. Around two thirds of red wines from Aragonez ( Tempranillo ) Alfrocheiro. Alicante Henri Bouschet. Arinto. Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan Noir ( mazuelo ) Castelão Francês. Grand Noir. Moreto do Alentejo and Trincadeira Preta produced. The white wines are made Antão Vaz. Chardonnay. Diagalves, Roupeiro ( Síria ) and perr ( Pedro Ximénez ) pressed.
There are some huge wineries here with several hundred hectares of vineyards. Well-known producers are Cartuxa, Cortes de Cima, Herdade de Mouchão, Herdade do Esporão, João Portugal Ramos (Marqués de Borba, Vila Santa), José da Sousa (heard Fonseca ) and Quinta do Carmo (belongs to "Domaines Barons de Rothschild ").