The region in Portugal lies between the capital Lisbon in the north, the border to Spain in the east, the region Algarve in the south and the Atlantic in the west. Within the area defined as DOC with 20,000 hectares of vineyards are the eight sub-areas Borba. Évora. Granja-Amareleja. Moura. Portalegre. Redondo. Reguengos and Vidigueira, These were formerly declared as separate DOC areas (which still appears on older labels), but are now listed as a sub-area next to the DOC area Alentejo. The whole region is called IGP (formerly VR) under the name Alentajano for Vins classified.
The viticulture was already in this area of the Phoenicians established long before the turn of the century. The coming Romans called the newly conquered province Lusitania and brought their viticulture skills and vines With. After the Roman rule, however, viticulture then died a shadowy existence for many centuries. Until the end of the 1970s, Alentejo was known not for the wine, but mainly because of the vast wheat fields (hence referred to as "bread basket Portugal"), for the numerous olive trees and for the scattered in the wheat fields cork oak forests. More than half of world production cork comes from Portugal and by far the largest part of Alentejo.
From the 1980s on quality wine was set. Wine from Alentejo developed into a fashion wine, the area is therefore also referred to as "California Portugal". By the hot, dry and almost rain-free climate with summer temperatures up to 40 ° Celsius is partly an artificial one irrigation required. The grapes reach the highest maturity, the vintage takes place already in mid-August. About two-thirds of red wines from Aragonez ( Tempranillo ) Alfrocheiro. Alicante Henri Bouschet. Arinto. Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan Noir ( mazuelo ) Castelão Francês. Grand Noir. Moreto do Alentejo and Trincadeira Preta produced. The white wines are out Antao Vaz. Chardonnay. Diagalves, Roupeiro ( Síria ) and Perrum ( Pedro Ximénez ) pressed.
There are some huge wineries here with several hundred hectares of vineyards. Well-known producers are Cartuxa, Cortes de Cima, Herdade de Mouchão, Herdade do Esporão, João Portugal Ramos (Marqués de Borba, Vila Santa), José da Sousa (heard Fonseca ) and Quinta do Carmo (belongs to "Domaines Barons de Rothschild ").