The red grape variety comes from Portugal or from France. Synonyms are Alfrocheiro Preto, Alfurcheiro, Bastardo, Bastardo Negro, Tinta Bastardinha, Tinta Fina, Tinta Francesa de Viseu ( Portugal ); Albarín Negro, Albarín Tinto, Baboso Negro, Bruñal, Caíño Gordo ( Spain ). It is probably a very old strain, although it was first mentioned relatively late in 1971. According to one hypothesis, it should look France introduced by the synonym Tinta Francesa de Viseu. The parentage is unknown. In any case, it is not a color mutation the two white varieties Albarín Blanco or Alfrocheiro Branco (Portuguese name for Trebbiano Toscano ) or the other way around.
The variety Alfrocheiro is one of the most important in the Iberian Peninsula leading variety who passed on her genes many times. In recent years could by DNA analysis many family relationships are clarified. Probably natural intersections With Cayetana Blanca and To lift as the second parent, ten varieties have emerged. For three varieties, closer genetic relationships were found:
The early-ripening, high-yielding vine is prone to becoming real mildew and Botrytis, It produces colorful red wines with fine tannins, as well as aromas of blackberries, strawberries and cherries. The variety is mainly in the area dão, and also Alentejo. Bairrada. Tejo and Ribatejo cultivated and there often as a blending partner for the varieties Aragonez ( Tempranillo ) and Touriga Nacional used. In 2010, the acreage in Portugal was 1,180 hectares. Under the name Baboso Negro she will also be on the Canary Islands (7 ha) cultivated. So altogether 1,187 hectares with a strongly increasing trend (ten years before it was 523 hectares).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures : By Wines of Portugal, CC BY 3.0 , Link