The red grape comes from Portugal or France. Synonyms are Alfrocheiro Preto, Alfurcheiro, Bastardo, Bastardo Negro, Tinta Bastardinha, Tinta Fina, Tinta Francesa de Viseu ( Portugal ); Albarín Negro, Albarín Tinto, Baboso Negro, Bruñal, Caíño Gordo ( Spain ). It is probably a very old variety, although it was first mentioned relatively late in 1971. According to a hypothesis, it should stop France have been introduced, which the synonym Tinta Francesa de Viseu could indicate. The parentage is unknown. In any case, it is not a color mutation of the two white varieties Albarín Blanco or Alfrocheiro Branco (Portuguese name for Trebbiano Toscano ) or the other way around.
The Alfrocheiro variety is one of the most important on the Iberian Peninsula leading variety who has often passed on her genes. Over the past few years, DNA analysis many kinship relationships are clarified. Probably natural intersections With Cayetana Blanca and To lift ten varieties emerged as the second parent. Closer genetic relationships were found for three varieties:
The early ripening, productive vine is susceptible to real ones mildew and Botrytis, It produces bright red wines with fine tannins, as well as aromas of blackberries, strawberries and cherries. The variety is mainly in the field dão, and also Alentejo. Bairrada. Tejo and Ribatejo cultivated and often there as a cutting partner for the Aragonez varieties ( Tempranillo ) and Touriga Nacional used. In 2010, the acreage in Portugal was 1,180 hectares. Under the name Baboso Negro she is also on the Canary Islands (7 ha) grown. A total of 1,187 hectares with a rapidly increasing tendency (ten years earlier it was 523 hectares).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : By Wines of Portugal, CC BY 3.0 , Link