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Algeria

Algeria (GB)
Algeria (I)
Algérie (F)
Argelia (ES)
Argélia (PO)
Algerije (N)
As in many other Mediterranean countries put Phoenicians and Greeks the foundation stone for Algerian viticulture. In the mid-7th century, the Arabs conquered North Africa and also much of today's Algeria. With the now valid alcohol ban viticulture came to a halt. From 1830, the French began with the conquest of the country. As a result, numerous French settlers poured into the country and brought with them also vines. This led to the resumption of the Weinhandels which turned out to be an important part of the Algerian economy. The largest extent of the vineyard was reached in 1938 with 400,000 hectares. As recently as 1960, there were just under 350,000 hectares with a wine production of 16 million hectoliters. Mainly it was easier mass wine for waste in France. After independence gained in 1962, the Algerian government suspended exports to France. Large vineyards have been redeployed for the cultivation of cereals and the production of table grapes forced. Most vineyards were owned by cooperatives.

In the second largest country Africa agriculture is only possible on a narrow strip in the north, about 85% of the land area makes up the Algerian Sahara. The wine-growing areas are located near the coast at up to 1,200 meters above sea level (Médea), most of them in the vicinity of the coastal capital of Algiers. The favorable climate for viticulture is characterized by rainy summers and precipitous winters. For the most part, color-intensive, alcohol-rich red wines are produced. In 2012, 492,000 hectoliters of wine were produced by 74,000 hectares of vineyards. Of the Blend 2010 (Statistics Kym Anderson ):

vine colour Synonyms or Algerian names hectare
Cinsault r Cinsault 7550
mazuelo r Carignan, Carignan Noir 7550
Garnacha Tinta r Grenache Noir 6040
Alicante Henri Bouschet r Alicante Bouschet 3020
Pinot Noir r - 1510
Syrah r Shiraz 1510
Merlot r - 1510
Cabernet Sauvignon r - 1510
Cabernet Franc r - ?
Chardonnay w - ?
Merseguera w - ?
Monastrell r Mourvèdre ?
Trebbiano Toscano w Ugni Blanc ?


The appellation system introduced on the model of the French AOC is here called AOG (Appellation d'Origine Guarantee). Seven areas are recognized by the state authority ONCV as quality wine-growing zones located in the two provinces of Alger in the east and Oran in the west. These are Ain-Bessem-Bouira (with excellent rosés), Coteaux de Mascara (the red and white wines are among the best), Coteaux de Tlemcen, Coteaux de Zaccar, Dahra, Médea and Monts du Tessalah. The best product is the long-lived "Cuvée du President" red wine blended from Cinsault, Carignan, Mourvèdre, Cabernet-Sauvignon, Grenache and Alicante Henri Bouschet of different vintages. These come from the four regions Dahra, Mascara, Médea and Tlemcen. The significant black bottle label graces a large one amphora, A well-known brand wine is "Sidi Brahim", bottled or in Bag-in boxes is bottled. Viticulture is almost exclusively for export with the main buyer France, since for the 99% of the population the Islamic alcohol ban applies. After Portugal and Spain, Algeria is the world's third largest supplier of cork,

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