One of the best known ancient grape varieties written by Roman authors Pliny the Elder (23-79) in his scientific writing "Naturalis Historia", and also by his Roman contemporaries Columella (1st half 1st century) was mentioned. The name probably derives from Celtic Tribe of Allobroger whose area is between the Rhone and Isère in Savoy extended to Lake Geneva and were subjected to Julius Caesar (100-44 BC). During the Roman colonization, this grape variety was on the right bank of the Rhone (in today's areas Saint-Joseph. Côte Rôtie ) and on the left bank ( Hermitage ) planted. Pliny describes the then also as Vinum picatum described red wine with a resinous taste and attributed this to the pine forests lying around the vineyards. Columella put forward the more probable thesis that this was due to the then usual resins of the wines or resin-sealed amphorae was caused.
Because of the suitability of this vine for cooler climate and the described resistance to wintry frost was speculated that Allobrogica or a direct descendant of her to the group of Pinot varieties could belong. But there are also other vines called, for example, by the French ampelographer Joseph Roy-Chevrier in his work Ampélographie Rétrospective the variety Mondeuse Noire, as well as others Syrah, Incidentally, both are probably from the Allobroger area. For all these rather vague conjectures but lack historical or botanical or genetic evidence. Another hypothesis assumes that Allobrogica was not a variety, but a vineyard (origin).