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One of the best known ancient grape varieties written by Roman authors Pliny the Elder (23-79) in his scientific writing "Naturalis Historia", and also by his Roman contemporaries Columella (1st half 1st century) was mentioned. The name probably derives from Celtic Tribe of Allobroger whose area is between the Rhone and Isère in Savoy extended to Lake Geneva and were subjected to Julius Caesar (100-44 BC). During the Roman colonization, this grape variety was on the right bank of the Rhone (in today's areas Saint-Joseph. Côte Rôtie ) and on the left bank ( Hermitage ) planted. Pliny describes the then also as Vinum picatum described red wine with a resinous taste and attributed this to the pine forests lying around the vineyards. Columella put forward the more probable thesis that this was due to the then usual resins of the wines or resin-sealed amphorae was caused.

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