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Allobrogica

One of the best known ancient grape varieties by Roman authors Pliny the Elder (23-79) in his scientific writing "Naturalis Historia", and also by his Roman contemporaries Columella (1st half 1st century) was mentioned. The name is probably derived from Celtic Tribe of the Allobroger, whose area between the Rhone and Isère in Savoy to Lake Geneva and which were subjugated by Julius Caesar (100-44 BC). During the Roman colonization, this grape was on the right bank of the Rhone (in today's areas Saint-Joseph. Côte Rôtie ) and on the left bank ( Hermitage ) planted. Pliny also described it as Vinum picatum designated red wine with a resinous taste and attributed this to the pine forests surrounding the vineyards. Columella supported the more likely thesis that this was due to the resin of the wine or resin sealed at that time amphorae was caused.

Because of the suitability of this vine for cooler climate and the described resistance to winter frost it was speculated that Allobrogica or a direct descendant from her to the group of Pinot varieties could belong. However, other vines are also mentioned, for example the variety by the French ampelographer Joseph Roy-Chevrier in his work Ampélographie Rétrospective Mondeuse Noire, as well as from others Syrah, Incidentally, both probably come from the Allobroger area. For all of these rather vague conjectures, however, historical or botanical or genetic evidence is missing. Another hypothesis assumes that Allobrogica was not a variety, but a vineyard (origin).

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