The red grape variety is a new breed between Dodrelyabi ( Kharistvala Kolkhuri ) x Muscat d'Hamburg according to in 2013 DNA analysis, This resulted in the parenthood specified in the breeding list Bellone x Lady Downe's Seedling as wrong. There are around 50 synonyms, some of which are Alfons, Almeria Negra, Alphonso Lavallée, Alphonse Lavallée Crni, Black Marocco, Blauer Damascener, Raisin du Jerusalem and Ribier. The crossing took place around 1860 in Orléans (France) by a nursery gardener. It was named after Alphonse Lavallée (+1884), President of the "Société d'Horticulture de France". The variety was a cross partner of the new varieties Alden. Attica Seedless. Cardinal. Lival and Ribol, The table grape Leopold III is a mutation,
The medium to late ripening, productive vine is susceptible to fungal diseases such as the real and the wrong mildew such as Botrytis, tends to Verrieseln and is sensitive to frost, It is mainly called table grape, as well as for the production of raisins used. The variety is grown worldwide, including in Belgium. Germany. France (808 ha), Italy. Austria. Spain (36 ha), Czech Republic. Turkey and Hungary, as well as overseas in Argentina. Australia. Chile. India. Canada. Peru (18 ha) and South Africa, A total of 862 hectares of vineyards were reported in 2010 (Statistics Kym Anderson ). In total, it is said to occupy around 10,000 hectares worldwide mainly as a table grape (but the quantity is not guaranteed).
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)