The red grape variety is a new breed between Dodrelyabi ( Kharistvala Kolkhuri x Muscat d'Hamburg according to 2013 DNA analysis, This resulted in the parenting specified in the breeding list Bellone x Lady Downe's seedling as wrong. There are about 50 synonyms, some of which are Alfons, Almeria Negra, Alphonso Lavallée, Alphonse Lavallée Crni, Black Marocco, Blue Damascene, Raisin du Jerusalem and Ribier. The crossing took place around 1860 in Orleans (France) by a nursery gardener. It was named after Alphonse Lavallée (+1884), President of the "Société d'Horticulture de France". The variety was crossbred partner of the new breeds Alden. Attica Seedless. Cardinal. Lival and Ribol, The table grape Leopold III. is a mutation,
The medium to late-ripening, high-yielding vine is susceptible to fungal diseases like the true and the false mildew such as Botrytis, tends to Verrieseln and is sensitive to frost, It is mainly called table grape, as well as for the production of raisins used. The variety is grown worldwide, including in Belgium. Germany. France (808 ha), Italy. Austria. Spain (36 ha), Czech Republic. Turkey and Hungary, as well as overseas in Argentina. Australia. Chile. India. Canada. Peru (18 ha) and South Africa, In 2010, a total of 862 Hekter vineyard were reported (Statistics Kym Anderson ). Overall, it is to occupy around 10,000 hectares worldwide mainly as a table grape (the amount is not secured).
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)