The red variety comes from Portugal. Synonyms are Alvarelho, Allvarellao, Avarilhao, Brancelhao, Brancelho, Locaia, Pilongo, Pirruivo, Serradelo, Serradillo, Uva Gallega, Varancelha, Verancelha ( Portugal ); Albarello, Alvarello, Alvarello Gallego, Alvarelo, Brancellao, Brancellao Tinto, Brancello, Brencellao, Broncellao ( Spain ). According to the year 1999 DNA analysis she is very closely related to the variety Sercial (Esgana Cão); the exact descent (parenthood is unknown mutation with white berries is Brancellao Blanco. In the Spanish variety Planta Nova however, the synonym Alvarelhão Branco is an independent grape variety. The early ripening vine is prone to real mildew, She was until the 1970s, an important strain for the port wine in the area Douro and red wines in the area dão, as well as to a lesser extent in the field Vinho Verde, In Portugal, it occupies a total of 159 hectares. In Spain she will be in the area Rías Baixas cultivated on 21 hectares. There are also low stocks in California (Central Valley) and Australia (Yarra Valley). In 2010, a total of 180 hectares of vineyards were designated (Kym Anderson ).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Photos : Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof - 76833 Siebeldingen, GERMANY