The white grape comes from the border area Portugal / Spain, Synonyms are Albariña, Albariño, Albelleiro, Alvarin Blanco, Alvarinha, Azal Blanco, Cainho Branco, Galego, Galeguinho and Padernã. The parentage is unknown. Despite apparently suggestive synonyms or similarities, it is not allowed with the varieties Albarín Blanco. Albillo Real. Amaral. Azal Branco. Caíño Blanco. Galego Dourado, Savagnin Blanc = Traminer (grown in Spain and Australia under Albariño and Albarín Blanco) or Verdeca be confused. Alvarinho was a crossing partner in the new varieties Alvarinho Liláz. Alvarinho Silvestre and Alvarinho Topasio,
It is most likely a very old grape variety. According to a non-verifiable hypothesis, it was said to have been developed between the 11th and 13th centuries Cistercian monks from Germany or France via the Jakobsweg Galicia brought. The longer held assumption of a relationship with the Riesling but is not durable. Carried out in 2003 DNA analysis showed a close relationship to the variety Loureiro, Further analyzes in 2011 showed that a presumably natural cross between Albariño ( Alvarinho ) x Caíño Bravo ( Amaral ) the variety Caíño Blanco arose.
The early to medium maturing vine is susceptible to the real and the wrong mildew and especially against mites but resistant to drought and therefore ideal for dry soils. It produces high-alcohol white wines with aromas of acacia and linden. The variety is mainly in the north Portugal grown where they are in the area Vinho Verde (Monção) grown and often on pergolas is brought up. She is there next to the Loureiro the most important variety for the white variant. In 2010 it occupied 1,989 hectares.
In Spain is the variety under the name Albariño especially in the area Rias Baixas represented and occupied a total of 3,507 hectares of vineyards. There are also smaller stocks under these names in the three US states California. Oregon and Washington (22 ha in total), as well Australia (an unknown part of it is Savagnin Blanc), Argentina (4 ha), Brazil (1 ha) and Chile (1 ha). The variety occupied a total of 5,523 hectares of vineyards in 2010. It lies in the worldwide varieties ranking in place 107.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)