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The white grape variety comes from the border area Portugal / Spain, Synonyms are Albariña, Albariño, Albelleiro, Alvarin Blanco, Alvarinha, Azal Blanco, Cainho Branco, Galego, Galeguinho and Padernã. The parentage is unknown. Despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or similarities, she must not with the varieties Albarín Blanco. Albillo Real. Amaral. Azal Branco. Caíño Blanco. Galego Dourado, Savagnin Blanc Traminer (grown in Spain and Australia under Albariño and Albarín Blanco) or Verdeca be confused. Alvarinho was crossing partner in the new breeds Alvarinho Liláz. Alvarinho Silvestre and Alvarinho Topazio,

Alvarinho - grape and leaf

It is most likely a very old grape variety. According to an unverifiable hypothesis, it was allegedly used by the 11th and 13th centuries Cistercian monks from Germany or France via the Way of St. James Galicia brought. The longer cherished assumption of a kinship with the Riesling but is not durable. Performed in 2003 DNA analysis showed a close relationship to the variety Loureiro, Further analysis in 2011 revealed that from a presumably natural cross between Albariño ( Alvarinho ) x Caíño Bravo ( Amaral ) the variety Caíño Blanco originated.

The early to middle-seasoning vine is vulnerable to the real and fake mildew and especially against mites but resistant to drought and therefore excellent for dry soils. It produces alcoholic white wines with aromas of acacia and linden. The variety is mainly in the north Portugal grown where they are in the field Vinho Verde (Monção) grown and frequent pergolas is educated. She is there next to the Loureiro the most important variety for the white variety. In 2010 she occupied here 1,989 hectares.

In Spain is the variety under the name Albariño especially in the area Rías Baixas represented and occupied here a total of 3,507 hectares of vineyards. Under these names there are also smaller stocks in the three US states California. Oregon and Washington (total 22 ha), as well Australia (an unknown part of it is Savagnin Blanc), Argentina (4 ha), Brazil (1 ha) and Chile (1 ha). The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 5,523 hectares of vineyards. It is thus worldwide varieties ranking on the square 107.

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

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