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The science of the varieties (ampelos = grapevine) is a part of the oenology, According to Greek mythology, the body of the man killed in the hunt spewed out satyrs Ampelos the first grapevine, His companion Dionysos First plant them in a bird's bone. As this was too small, in a lion, and finally in a donkey bone. So he could take the vine everywhere. To distinguish grape varieties was already in the Roman antiquity tried and already Pliny the Elder (23-79 AD) noted that behind different regional names often one and the same grape variety can hide. Already from the late Middle Ages are lists of authors with the name of regionally grown grape varieties handed down. However, the descriptions are often inaccurate, so that one can only speculate regarding the actual grape varieties.

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