Designation for a vessel made of clay, stoneware, bronze and, more rarely, also made Glass, The Greek name "Amphora" is derived from the condition that one could carry the vessel to "two handles" ("amphi" = "carry two handles" and "phéro" = "carry"). This was done with larger volumes or weight by two people. It was probably built by the Canaanites, the ancestors of the Phoenicians invented and 1500 BC After Egypt brought. The amphorae developed into the most popular vessel in the antiquity, which was used for liquids of all kinds, especially for oil or wine. From the Greeks it was later until after China brought.
The classic wine amphora was a bulbous clay pot with two handles on a narrow neck and pointed lower part. Amphorae usually had no foot, so they could not be placed without mostly three-legged pedestal, but were also stored lying or hung on the handles. They were also often used for marine transport, for which purpose they stuck in a thick layer of sand for fixation with the pointed lower part. There were various forms, including the Attic Pelike (also Stamnos) with a firm base and short neck, which was mainly used for wine and oil, but also for the storage of ashes in tombs.