This DO area (Catalan Empordà) is located in the far corner of northeastern Spain on the Mediterranean coast in the region Catalonia and borders on the French Roussillon, The area is considered one of the cradles of Spanish viticulture. The vineyards cover 2,300 hectares of vines on calcareous soil and are located at 200 meters above sea level, often in crater-shaped valleys (see Conca ). The climate is Mediterranean with cold north winds. The white wines are made from the varieties Chenin Blanc. Macabeo. Muscat Blanc. Parellada. Riesling. Xarello and also Chardonnay and Gewurztraminer vinified. Red varieties are Cariñena ( mazuelo ) Cabernet Sauvignon. Syrah and Tempranillo, For the most part will be rosados (from the variety Cariñena) and traditionally also strong alcohol Rancios produced. In smaller quantities will too Cava (Sparkling wine). A specialty since the Middle Ages is "Garnatxa", a varietal sweet red wine Garnacha Tinta with 15.5% alcohol content, This is similar to the French one Banyuls beyond the border in the Roussillon area.