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23.062 Keywords • 48.237 Synonyms • 5.303 Translations • 28.368 Pronunciations • 155.282 Cross-references

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Anacreon

The Greek poet Anakreon (~ 580-495 BC) was born in ancient Teos, an Ionian city of Asia Minor in the present day Turkey, He was at the court of Polycrates (ruled from 538 to 522 BC), the tyrant of Samos, highly honored and spent most of his life there as a respected poet of the court. According to legend, Anakreon died at the age of 85 after swallowing a grape. Love, wine and jovial sociability were the main themes of his songs written in the Ionian dialect, which were famous for their beauty and grace. After him, the poetry collection Anakreonteia was named, an anonymous collection of about 60 poems about love, wine, beautiful youths, Aphrodite, Eroten, Graces and Dionysos from the 1st century BC To the 5./6. Century after Christ.

Referring to this, anacreontics was developed in the Rococo period in the middle of the 18th century, a popular style of German and European poetry at that time. The themes of anacreontics are the joy of the world and of life. Often mentioned in this context saying of the Roman poet Horace (65-8 BC) is "Carpe diem" (enjoy / use the day). This is expressed in the hedonistic Representation of love, friendship and sociability, of wine consumption and the joy of nature. Famous German-speaking representatives of this style were among others Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832), Friedrich Gottfried Klopstock (1724-1803), Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (1729-1781) and Friedrich von Schiller (1759-1805). The Swiss writer Fridolin Tschudi (1912-1966) wrote the beautiful rhyme "Anakreontischer Imperativ" on this topic (see this under Quotes ).

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