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apical dominance

Name for the growth dominance or dominance of shoot tips (apical = located at the top, concerning the tip of an organ). The growth of the side shoots is thereby suppressed. This phenomenon is controlled by the plant hormone auxin, This ensures that each topmost eyes and shoots preferred with nutrients be supplied. The inclination of the vine to grow in height results from the plant's desire to be optimally supplied with light. The Wild vines basically grow up while the base is gradually becoming frosted. This typical growth process is called the acrotonic growth pattern (Akron = tip). Will like the Shoot tips cut Usually the topmost part of the shoots is removed, the apical dominance is broken. See also below training system,

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