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Apoplexy (GB)

Term (Greek apoplex = stroke, medical stroke) for sudden events with loss of consciousness or partial paralysis. In viticulture, this is also true for the poor condition of a vineyard with complete death of vines used. The sick vines gradually stop growing necrotic leaves yellow and wither, and productivity comes first partially and then completely to a halt. Sometimes, apoplexy is also considered an acute form of wood disease Esca designated. Strictly speaking, however, this is not a specific disease, but the end symptom or extreme effect of various vine diseases. The causes are for example water stress (Lack of water), extreme lack of nutrients. frost damage. fungal diseases as Esca. eutypa dieback or other different wood diseases like Rugose Wood Complex, In the wine, this may be due to the UTA (untypical age tone). See also a complete listing of all diseases and pests below Vine enemies,

Apoplexy - necroses due to esca (leaf), black-foot disease (root), pierce disease (leaf) and eutypiose (wood)

Esca: By Bauer Karl - Own Work, CC BY 3.0 at , Link
Black-foot disease: Laimburg Experiment Center
Pierce Disease: © enbiotech srl
Eutypiose: INRA Science & Impact - Photo P. Lecomte

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