The region of Puglia (Italian Puglia) with the capital Bari is located deep in the south Italy on the Adriatic coast. The elongated region consists of the spur (the Gargano Mountains) and the heel (the Salento peninsula) of the boot. The name goes back to the Apuli; a tribe of Osker. The area is one of the oldest wine-growing areas in the world, because already 3,000 years ago they planted here Phoenicians and Greeks vines. The Romans especially appreciated the wine from Tarentum (port city of Taranto) and the poet Horace (65-8 BC) described the area as a place of "eternal spring". In contrast to the other southern regions of Italy, there are hardly any mountains, but the landscape consists of plateaus and plains. There is a dry-hot climate with low rainfall, so that sometimes even an artificial irrigation must be done. The soils consist mainly of limestone, clay and sandstone.
Puglia has many autochthonous Rebsorten, these are particularly maintained and cultivated. The red wines make up over three quarters of the area; the most important are Aglianico. Aleatico. Barbera, Bonifacienco or Carenisca or Caricagiola ( Parraleta ) Bombino Nero. Cabernet Franc. Cabernet Sauvignon. Lambrusco Maestri, Malbech ( Cot ), Malvasia Nera di Lecce od. Malvasia Nera di Brindisi. Merlot. Montepulciano. Notary Domenico, Ottavianello ( Cinsault ), Pinot Nero ( Pinot Noir ), Primitivo ( Tribidrag ) Sangiovese. Susumaniello and Uva di Troia ( Nero di Troia ).
The most important white wines are Bianco d'Alessano. Bombino Bianco. Chardonnay, Falanghina Beneventana, Falanghina Flegrea Falanghina ) Fiano. Francavidda, Greco di Tufo ( Greco ) Impigno. Malvasia Bianca di Candia, Malvasia Bianca or Malvasia Toscana od. Malvasia Bianca Lunga. Minutolo, Moscato or Moscato Bianco or Moscato di Trani ( Muscat Blanc ) pampanuto, Pinot Bianco ( Pinot Blanc ), Pinot Grigio ( Pinot gris ), Sauvignon ( Sauvignon Blanc ) and Verdeca,
The vineyards cover 88,000 hectares of vineyards. In Puglia, most of Italy's wine is produced. That is why the region also has the apt name "wine cellar of Italy or Europe". Together with Sicily it is at the top of the Italian wine production crowd. The best qualities grow, climatically favored by the proximity of the Adriatic and Ionian Sea, on the Salento island. The quality wines make up but only under 10% of the amount. Much of the wine is made for the distillation from industrial alcohol and for the production of simple mass wines used. The six IGT areas (IGP) are Daunia, Murgia, Puglia, Salento, Tarantino and Valle d'Itria. The 28 DOC / DOCG zones are: