The red grape variety comes from France. Synonyms are Aramone, Aramonen, Aramon Noire, Aramon Pignat, Aramon Pigne, Aramon Saint Joseph, Aramont, Arramant, Eramoul, Gros Bouteillan, Pisse-Vin, Plant Riche, Rabalaïré, Raballaïré, Ramonen, Réballaïré, Revalaire, Revellaire, Ugni Noir ( France ); Amor-Não-Me-Deixes ( Portugal ); Burchardt's Prince, Aramon Chernyi, Aramon Crni, Kek Aramon. Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological She may not share similarities with the varieties Bouteillan Noir or Juan Garcia be confused. There is no relationship with Trebbiano Toscano (Ugni Blanc), as the synonym Ugni Noir could indicate. According to done in 2012 DNA analysis she is from a supposedly natural cross between Ouliven x Gouais blanc emerged. In the Hérault area there are the light-colored mutations Aramon Blanc (15 ha) and Aramon Gris (39 ha). Aramon Noir was crossing partner in the new breeds Alicante Ganzin. Bouschet Gros. Clairette Dorée Ganzin. Flot Rouge. Gramon. Grand Noir. Monerac and Petit Bouschet,
In 1824, the breeder Louis Bouschet a cross between Aramon Noir x Teinturier du Cher, He called the result Petit Bouschet his son Henri Bouschet in 1866 with Grenache Noir ( Garnacha Tinta ) and the new breed crossed the name Alicante Henri Bouschet (Alicante Bouschet) gave. The variegated vine was then gladly shared with the Aramon Noir Mixed sentence grown to give the wines more dark color. The late-ripening, high-yielding Aramon Noir is susceptible to wrongdoing mildew. Botrytis. Black spots disease (Phomopsis) and mites; but resistant to powdery mildew. It produces rustic, rather acid, alcohol and low-extract reds with a light color.
From the middle of the 19th to the middle of the 20th century Aramon Noir was the basis for mass red wines in the Languedoc-Roussillon, Around 1870, she finished alone in the department Hérault over 200,000 hectares and was for a long time the most grown grape variety in France. Their formerly large distribution was based mainly on high earnings and their great resistance to powdery mildew, which raged in the vineyards from 1860. Their decline began suddenly when in 1955 it was not classified as a quality grape variety and received no approval for Languedoc. She was quickly replaced by Carignan Noir ( mazuelo ) Cinsault and others replaced. Today are in France So planted 2,547 hectares of vineyards. There are also small stocks in Algeria and Portugal (14 ha). The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 2,561 hectares of vineyards with extremely decreasing tendency (ten years earlier, there were still 9,084 hectares). It occupies the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 150.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)