The red grape variety comes from France. Synonyms are Aramone, Aramonen, Aramon Noire, Aramon Pignat, Aramon Pigne, Aramon Saint Joseph, Aramont, Arramant, Eramoul, Gros Bouteillan, Pisse-Vin, Plant Riche, Rabalaïré, Raballaïré, Ramonen, Réballaïré, Revalaire, Revellaire, Ugni Noir ( France ); Amor-Não-Me-Deixes ( Portugal ); Burchardt's Prince, Aramon Chernyi, Aramon Crni, Kék Aramon. Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Bouteillan Noir or Juan Garcia be confused. There is no relationship with Trebbiano Toscano (Ugni Blanc), which the synonym Ugni Noir could indicate. According to in 2012 DNA analysis is from a presumably natural cross between Ouliven x Gouais Blanc emerged. In the Hérault area there are the light berry mutations Aramon Blanc (15 ha) and Aramon Gris (39 ha). Aramon Noir was a crossing partner in the new varieties Alicante Ganzin. Bouschet wholesale. Clairette Dorée Ganzin. Flot Rouge. Gramon. Grand Noir. Monerac and Petit Bouschet,
In 1824 the breeder Louis Bouschet a cross between Aramon Noir x Complexion of Cher, He called the result Petit Bouschet who then gave his son Henri Bouschet in 1866 with Grenache Noir ( Garnacha Tinta ) crossed and the name of the new breed Alicante Henri Bouschet (Alicante Bouschet) gave. The colorful vine was then gladly together with the Aramon Noir in the Mixed sentence grown to give the wines more dark color. The late ripening, productive Aramon Noir is prone to the wrong mildew. Botrytis. Black spots disease (Phomopsis) and mites; however resistant to powdery mildew. It produces rustic, rather acid, alcohol and extract-poor red wines with a light color.
Aramon Noir was the basis for bulk red wines in the middle of the 19th to the middle of the 20th century Languedoc-Roussillon, Around 1870 she occupied alone in the department Hérault over 200,000 hectares and was for a long time the most cultivated grape in France. Their formerly large distribution was based above all on high ones earnings and their great resistance to powdery mildew, which raged in the vineyards from 1860. Its decline began suddenly when in 1955 it was not classified as a quality variety and was not approved for Languedoc. It was quickly replaced by Carignan Noir ( mazuelo ) Cinsault and replaced others. Today are in France thus planted 2,547 hectares of vineyards. There are also small stocks in Algeria and Portugal (14 ha). In 2010, the variety occupied a total of 2,561 hectares of vineyards with an extremely declining trend (ten years earlier it was 9,084 hectares). It documents worldwide varieties ranking rank 150.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)