Double-headed, extinct volcano (Turkish Agri Dagh, Armenian Masis) in the Anatolian plateau in the far west Turkey on the border to Armenia and the Iran, The main summit (Goßer Ararat) with 5,165 meters is the highest mountain in Turkey (Little Ararat 3,925 m). The area counts Transcaucasia (south of the Caucasus) and borders on the north Mesopotamia, These two areas are considered possible cradles of wine culture. According to the latest research, the exact origin of the cultivated grapevine is said to be in Southeastern Anatolia (arrow).
According to the Old Testament narrative of the Bible ended up in the book of Genesis 9.21 Noah at the end of the rain tide with his ark at the summit (or nearby) of Ararat "and became a winegrower" . The story of Noah seems to confirm at first glance the thesis that the origin of viticulture is in the Caucasus. But since Noah already brought the vines with him on his ark, the actual origin is unknown, at least based on the Old Testament. Because the home of Noah, where he built the ark, does not emerge from the narrative.