Two-branched, extinct volcano (Turkish Agri Dagh, Armenian Masis) in the Anatolian plateau in the very west of the Turkey on the border to Armenia and the Iran, The main summit (Goßer Ararat) is with 5.165 meters the highest mountain of Turkey (Kleiner Ararat 3.925 m). The area counts Transcaucasia (south of the Caucasus) and borders the northern one Mesopotamia, These two areas are considered as possible cradles of wine culture. According to recent research, the exact origin of the cultivated grapevine in southeastern Anatolia should be (arrow).
According to the narrative in the Old Testament the Bible landed in Genesis 9:21 Noah at the end of the torrent with its ark at the summit (or near) of the Ararat "and became a winegrower" . The Noah story apparently confirms at first glance the thesis that the origin of viticulture lies in the Caucasus. But since Noah has already brought the vines on his ark, the actual origin is unknown, at least on the basis of the Old Testament. Because the home of Noah, where he built the ark, does not emerge from the story.