The red grape variety (also Spiegel-Roy 401) is a new breed between Sousão ( Vinhão ) x Carignan Noir ( mazuelo ). The crossing took place in 1972, the selection in 1984 by Roy Spiegel in Israel. The variety protection was granted in 1988. The early to medium maturing, productive vine is susceptible to real ones mildew and Botrytis, as well as sensitive to frost, but resistant to heat and drought, It produces deep purple (Hebrew argaman) red wines with a rather moderate content of acid and tannins, which are mainly used as a blend. The variety is in Israel cultivated mainly in the Shomron region (Samaria) on the Mediterranean coast. The acreage in 2010 was 202 hectares (Statistics Kynm Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012