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The red grape variety (also mirror Roy 401) is a new breed between Sousão ( Vinhão ) x Carignan Noir ( mazuelo ). The crossing took place in 1972, the selection in 1984 by Roy Spiegel in Israel. Of the variety protection was granted in 1988. The early to mid-season, high-yielding vine is prone to real mildew and Botrytis, as well as sensitive to frost, but resistant to heat and drought, It produces deep purple (Hebrew argaman) red wines with a rather moderate content of acid and tannins, which are mainly used as a blend. The variety is in Israel mainly cultivated in the region of Shomron (Samaria) on the Mediterranean coast. The acreage in 2010 was 202 hectares (Statistics Kynm Anderson ).

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012

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