The origin of the red grape variety is unknown. The name is derived from the leaf shape, which resembles the foot of a goose. Synonyms are Argan, Argant, Blauer Gänsfüsser, Bockshorn, Buchser, Erlenbacher, Espagnol, Gänsefüßler, Gänsfüßler, Gros Margillien, Großrote, Margillien and Spitzblättrige Garidelitraube. According to a naturally no longer verifiable hypothesis by the agronomist Lambert J. von Babo (1790-1862) the goosefoot is said to be from Columella (1st century AD) mentioned ancient grape variety Biturica be identical. According to DNA analysis the blue goosefoot is the father variety of the old Styrian Zimmettraube as well as the Burgundian variety César, However, there is no relation to the French variety Barbaroux (with synonym bright red goose foot).
The goosefoot was one of the most popular varieties in the 16th century Rheinland-Pfalz, The German botanist Hieronymus Bock Hieronymus (1498-1554) mentioned in 1546 the "Genssfüssel" in his main work "Das Kreütter Buch", with the location "Newenstatt" (Neustadt in der Pfalz). In 1584, the Elector of the Palatinate, Johann Casimir (1543-1592), ordered that no vineyard should be cut out of it unless a suitable substitute is planted with this variety. The synonym Erlenbacher points to the Swiss town of Erlenbach on Lake Zurich in the canton Basel country where it is still grown today.
The late ripening vine was also very popular because of the attractive leaves Zierrebe used on house walls. Due to uncertain yields, the variety has almost disappeared from the German vineyards, but is cultivated by individual producers. Some wineries maintain this wine culture monument and produce a red wine, for example the State Research Institute Neustadt an der Weinstrasse. In the vine museum by Franz Leth (Municipality of Fels, Lower Austria) there are also a few sticks.
The French ampelographer Adrien had already in 1903 Berget on pure ampelographic Basis found that the im law Cultivated variety Argant (synonym Blue Goosefoot) is identical to the Goosefoot. This was finally confirmed by DNA analysis carried out in 2008. The almost extinct variety was reactivated by some producers such as the Domaine des Cavarodes with new plantings. In 2010, a few ares were reported in the Doubs department (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)