The origin of the red variety is unknown. The name derives from the leaf shape, which resembles the foot of a goose. Synonyms include Argan, Argant, Blue Goose Feet, Bockshorn, Buchser, Erlenbacher, Espagnol, Gänsefüßler, Gänsfüßler, Gros Margillien, Großrote, Margillien and Spitzblättrige Garidelitraube. After a naturally unverifiable hypothesis of the agronomist Lambert J. von Babo (1790-1862), the goose passer with the von Columella (1st century AD) mentioned ancient grape variety Biturica be identical. According to DNA analysis is the Blue Goose Feet the father of the ancient Styrian Zimmettraube as well as the Burgundian variety César, However, there is no relationship with the French variety Barbaroux (with the synonym "Hellroter Gänsfüßer").
The Gänsfüßer was one of the most popular varieties in the 16th century Rheinland-Pfalz, The German botanist Hieronymus Bock Hieronymus (1498-1554) mentioned in 1546 the "Genssfüssel" in his main work "The Kreutzer book", with the location "Newenstatt" (Neustadt in der Pfalz). In 1584 the Elector of the Palatinate Johann Casimir (1543-1592) ordered that no vineyard should be hewn out of it, if no corresponding substitute with this variety is planted. The synonym Erlenbacher points to the Swiss town of Erlenbach on Lake Zurich in the canton Basel country where it is still grown today.
The late-ripening vine was also due to the attractive leaves also like Zierrebe used on house walls. Due to uncertain yields, the variety has almost disappeared from the German vineyards, but is cultivated by individual producers. Some vineyards maintain this wine culture monument and produce a red wine, for example, the State Research Institute Neustadt an der Weinstraße. In the vine museum of Franz Leth (Municipality rock, Lower Austria) are also a few sticks.
As early as 1903, the French ampelographer Adrien Berget on pure ampelographic Base stated that the im law cultivated variety Argant (synonym Blue Goose Feeder) is identical to the goose foot. This was finally confirmed by the 2008 DNA analysis. The almost extinct variety has been reactivated by some producers such as the Domaine des Cavarodes with new plantings. In 2010, in the department of Doubs a few Ar were reported (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)