The US state with the capital Phoenix is in the extreme southwest of the United States, In the 16th century, Catholic-Spanish missionaries first came to the area. They laid out the first vineyards to turn the altar wine to press. The vineyards cover only around 200 hectares, most of which are in the southeast around Tucson near the border Mexico are located. As the only one AVA in addition to the State Appellation Arizona, Sonoita is classified. Mainly European varieties are cultivated. On the reddish floor (see under Terra Rossa ) the red wine types thrive particularly well Cabernet Sauvignon. Cabernet Franc. Pinot Noir. Merlot, Mourvèdre ( Monastrell ) Durif. Syrah. Nebbiolo and Sangiovese, The main types of white wine are Sauvignon Blanc and Viognier, The best-known producers include Callaghan Vineyards, Colibri Vineyard and Winery, Dos Cabezas, Echo Canyon, Fort Bowie Vineyards and, as the largest company, Kokopelli.