The US state with the capital Phoenix lies in the extreme southwest of the USA, Catholic-Spanish missionaries first arrived in the area in the 16th century. They put the first vineyards in order to make the altar wine to crush. The vineyards cover only about 200 hectares, most of them in the southeast to Tucson near the border with Mexico are located. As the only one AVA Sonoita is classified next to Arizona State Appellation. Mainly European varieties are cultivated. On the reddish ground (see below Terra Rossa ) the red wines flourish especially well Cabernet Sauvignon. Cabernet Franc. Pinot Noir. Merlot, Mourvèdre ( Monastrell ) Durif. Syrah. Nebbiolo and Sangiovese, The most important white wines are Sauvignon Blanc and Viognier, The best known producers are Callaghan Vineyards, Colibri Vineyard and Winery, Dos Cabezas, Echo Canyon, Fort Bowie Vineyards and as the largest operation Kokopelli.