The smallest of the former with almost 30,000 km² USSR republics lies between Georgia. Azerbaijan to whom Iran and the Turkey, The country corresponds to the northeastern part of the former much larger Armenian settlement area and included in the antiquity in the 7th century BC The entire Anatolian, today Turkish territory. Since the 15th century, large areas belong to Turkey. Just behind the border lies the mountain Ararat where supposedly Noah's Ark landed. The south of the Caucasus lying area is one of Transcaucasia, a smaller area belonged to the historical in ancient times Mesopotamia, Here lies somewhere the origin of the cultivated grapevine and the viticulture, which one suspects after recent researches in southeastern Anatolia.