The white grape comes from Italy, Synonyms are Bianchetta, Bianchetta di Alba, Bianchetto, Bianchetto di Verzuolo and Nebbiolo Bianco (but there is no genetic relationship to the red variety Nebbiolo ). The name means "little difficult" and in the old Piedmontese dialect designates a person with grumpy, unreliable and irascible character (this, however, has no connection with the properties of Arneis). The variety may have been mentioned as early as 1432 under the name Ranaysii in the province of Torino in Piedmont. Under the name Arneis, this took place but only in 1877 by the Ampelographen Giuseppe di Rovasenda (1824-1913). In the past, sweetness became her first and foremost Passito pressed or served as a softening blend of dark Nebbiolo red wines, which also explains the synonym Nebbiolo Bianco. The medium-maturing, low-yielding vine is resilient to wrong, but prone to true mildew, It produces exotic-scented, full-bodied but rather low-acid white wines with delicate aromas of white flowers, apple, pear and hazelnut. She is also referred to as "Barolo Bianco" by admirers.
The variety is mainly in the Piedmont grown where they are in the DOC wines Langhe and Terre Alfieri, as well as in DOCG wine Roero is allowed. In small quantities, it is also in the two regions Liguria and Sardinia represented. The variety was already threatened with extinction in the 1970s, only a handful of winemakers like the well-known Bruno Giacosa produced bottled wines from it. From the 1980s, there was again an increased demand. In Italy, she occupies 970 hectares of vineyards. There are more cultivated areas in Australia (153 ha) and New Zealand, as well as in the two US states California and Oregon, In 2010, however, only in the two countries indicated a total of 1,123 hectares of vineyards were reported (Kym Anderson ).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures : MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service