The red grape variety comes from France, Synonyms are Aspiran, Aspiran Verdal, Épiran, Esperan, Espiran, Peyral, Peyrar, Piran, Ribeyrenc, Rivairenc, Riverain, Riveirenc Noir, Riveyrenc, Riveyrene, Spiran, Verdai and Verdal. It was perhaps first mentioned in 1544 under the name Esperan, then in 1676 under the name Espiran, and in the 18th and 19th centuries under the name Aspiran Noir and the wine made from it was described. The area between Nimes and Montpellier in southern France is believed to originate. The name Rivairenc is probably derived from the presence of the vines on the banks of the river. There are also several colors mutations named Aspiran Blanc or Rivairenc Blanc (white), Aspiran Gris or Rivairenc Gris (violet), Aspiran Rouge Fonce or Rivairenc Rouge (dark red) and Aspiran Verdal or Rivairenc Verdal (pink). The variety was a cross partner of the new varieties Aspignan (1 and 2) and Aspiran Bouschet,
According to a hypothesis, it is said to be related to Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned Vitis narbonnensis spiralis. By done in 2011 DNA analysis became a Parent-offspring relationship to the variety Cinsault detected. The medium to late ripening vine is sensitive to frost, as well as prone to real and false mildew and Botrytis, It produces a slightly reddish, fragrant wine. The variety was up to Phylloxera disaster in the Languedoc (especially Hérault ) widespread. Today it is only available in small stocks, for example in the areas Minervois and Saint-Chinian grown. In 2010 were in France however no stocks are shown. Small stocks should also be in Algeria give.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012