The red variety comes from France, Synonyms are Aspiran, Aspiran Verdal, Epiran, Esperan, Espiran, Peyral, Peyrar, Piran, Ribeyrenc, Rivairenc, Riverain, Riveirenc Noir, Riveyrenc, Riveyrene, Spiran, Verdai and Verdal. It was perhaps first mentioned in 1544 under the name Esperan, then in 1676 under the name of Espiran, and in the 18th and 19th centuries under the name Aspiran Noir, and the resulting wine was described. The origin of the area between Nimes and Montpellier in southern France is suspected. The name Rivairenc is probably derived from the occurrence of vines on river banks. There are also several color mutations named Aspiran Blanc or Rivairenc Blanc (white), Aspiran Gris or Rivairenc Gris (purple), Aspiran Rouge Fonce or Rivairenc Rouge (dark red) and Aspiran Verdal and Rivairenc Verdal (pink). The variety was crossbred partner of the new breeds Aspignan (1 and 2) and Aspiran Bouschet,
According to a hypothesis, it should have a relationship with Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned Vitis narbonnensis spiralis. Made in 2011 DNA analysis became a Parent-offspring relationship to the variety Cinsault detected. The medium to late ripening vine is sensitive to frost, as well as prone to wrong and wrong mildew and Botrytis, It produces a slightly reddish colored, fragrant wine. The variety was up to Phylloxera disaster in the Languedoc (especially Hérault ) widespread. Today it is only more in small stocks, for example in the fields Minervois and Saint-Chinian grown. In 2010 were in France but no stocks reported. It should also be low in stocks Algeria give.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012