The white grape variety comes from Greece from the island Santorini, Synonyms are Assirtico, Assyrtico, Asurtico, Asyrtico and Asyrtiko. It is believed that the variety (among many others) is famous for the production Malvasia wines was used by the Greek port as early as the 13th century Monemvasia were shipped or exported from. According to in 2011 DNA analysis there is one Parent-offspring relationship with the two varieties Gaidouria and Platani,
According to a hypothesis, the name indicates the origin Assyria (counted in antiquity Mesopotamia ) where they are from Spain is said to have come to Greece. However, according to analyzes, there are no genetic connections with varieties from Spain or the Middle East. The late-ripening, productive vine is resistant to both mildews and drought, It produces pale yellow, characterful whites with high Acid- and alcohol content, as well as storage potential, which for oxidation tend.
The variety is mainly based on Santorini grown where it accounts for 70% of the stock. The vines are ungrafted planted and are in the traditional upbringing form Kouloura behaved. The shoots are woven in a circle around the grapes in the form of a nest to protect the fruit from the wind. Here it is the main variety for the OPAP white wines, which are dry and made from sun-dried grapes Vinsanto be expanded sweetly. In the region Attica Because of its acidity, it becomes a blend of the low-acid varieties Roditis and Savatiano used, but also expanded independently. Furthermore, she is on Chalkidike in the appellation Cotes de Meliton and up Peloponnese represented. In 2010, 902 hectares were recorded.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Assyrtiko: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI)