The white grape comes from Greece from the island Santorini, Synonyms are Assirtico, Assyrtico, Asurtico, Asyrtico and Asyrtiko. It is believed that the variety (among many others) for the production of the famous Malvasia wines It was used as early as the 13th century by the Greek port Monemvasia shipped out or exported. According to the year 2011 DNA analysis exists one Parent-offspring relationship with the two varieties Gaidouria and Platani,
According to a hypothesis, the name points to the origin Assyria (counted in ancient times Mesopotamia ), from where they over Spain should have come to Greece. However, according to analyzes there are no genetic links with varieties from Spain or the Middle East. The late-ripening, high-yielding vine is resilient to both mildews and drought, It produces pale yellow, full of character white with high Acid- and alcohol content, as well as storage potential, to the oxidation tend.
The variety is mainly on Santorini grown, where it accounts for 70% of the stock. The vines are ungrafted planted and are in the traditional form of education Kouloura behaved. The shoots are circularly woven around the grapes in the form of a nest to protect the fruit from the wind. Here it is the main variety for the OPAP white wines, which are dry and made from sun-dried grapes Vinsanto be developed sweet. In the region Attica Due to its acidity, it is used as a blend of low-acid varieties Roditis and Savatiano used, but also developed independently. Furthermore, she is on Chalkidiki in the appellation Côtes de Meliton and up Peloponnese represented. In 2010, 902 hectares were recorded.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Assyrtiko: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)