The province of Asti with the capital of the same name in the Italian region Piedmont covers the entire southern Monferrato hill area with 1,500 km². There are numerous DOC / DOCG areas here. These are, among other things Albugnano. Barbera d'Asti. Calosso. Dolcetto d'Asti. Freisa d'Asti. Grignolino d'Asti. Langhe. loazzolo. Malvasia di Casorzo d'Asti. Monferrato and Terre Alfieri, For the most part, however, simple, quickly enjoyable wines are produced. But above all they are famous sparkling wines from the Moscato Bianco (already mentioned in 1203) Muscat Blanc ) or produced here as the Moscato d'Asti or Moscato di Canelli. It thrives particularly well in the Langhe Mountains around the municipality of Canelli, the center of the sparkling wine industry. Sparkling or sparkling wines were already here in the Middle Ages.
In the 17th century when Piedmont was still a duchy Savoy belonged, the court jeweler of the Dukes of Savoy named Giovanni Battista Croce improved the cultivation and cellar techniques of his reign in viticulture. In 1870, Carlo Gancia, known as the "father of Italian sparkling wine", led the company Méthode champenoise and founded the famous white sparkling wine. The two wine types Moscato d'Asti and Asti Spumante (also Asti for short) were the first Italian sparkling wines to receive the DOCG classification in 1994. Both were initially after the Metodo italiano (tank fermentation = Méthode charmat ), later the variant Metodo tradizionale (Asti Spumante) bottle fermentation ) added.
The DOCG zone Asti comprises a total of 52 municipalities mainly in the province of Asti (28 municipalities), but also extends into the two provinces Alessandria (9) and Cueno (15). The vineyards cover a total of over 9,000 hectares of vineyards. There are the three subzones Canelli with municipalities in the two provinces Asti and Cuneo, Santa Vittoria d'Alba with the municipality of the same name (Cuneo) and Strevi with municipalities in the province of Alessandria. At the Moscato d'Asti, these may also have their names on label lead. The term may also be used for Moscato d'Asti wines Vigna (exposed, hilly areas) can be used.
The provisions are different in detail. They exist in the actual or potential alcohol content (4.5 to 6.5% or 11% for the Moscato d'Asti compared to 7 to 9.5% or 12% for the Asti Spumante) and the carbon dioxide pressure at 1 bar only slightly sparkling with the Moscato d'Asti compared to 4 bar with the Asti Spumante.
Asti Spumante : Until 2016 there was only one sweet version. Due to an enormous decline in exports of over 30%, a dry Asti was also introduced in the secco, demi-sec and extra-secco versions from the 2017 vintage. There are the types of wine produced with tank fermentation and bottle fermentation (with the addition on the label: Metodo Classico or Metodo Tradizionale). The best producers include Cascina Fonda, Ceretto. Cinzano, Contratto, Gancia, Fontanafredda, Martini & Rossi and riccadonna. It lags behind with around 80 million bottles a year champagne and Cava at the forefront of sparkling wine production worldwide.
Moscato d'Asti : a sweet, slightly sparkling wine according to its properties; actually not even one Frizzante (no quality judgment). There is also a variant Vendemmia Tardiva ( late vintage ). The wine, which is particularly popular in Italy, is milder, fruity and far less sparkling than the Asti Spumante. The bottles are usually normal due to the low pressure cork closed and also carry a vintage. Around four million bottles are produced annually. Well-known manufacturers are Bera Walter, Cascina Fonda, Carbonere, Ceretto, Dogliotti-Caudrina, Gatti, La Spinetta. Marcarini, Saracco, Traversa and Vignaioli di Santo Stefano.