The province of Asti with the capital of the same name in the Italian region Piedmont covers the entire southern Monferrato hill area with 1,500 km². There are many DOC / DOCG areas here. That's among other things Albugnano. Barbera d'Asti. Calosso. Dolcetto d'Asti. Freisa d'Asti. Grignolino d'Asti. Langhe. loazzolo. Malvasia di Casorzo d'Asti. Monferrato and Terre Alfieri, For the most part, however, simple, fast-to-enjoy wines are produced. But most famous are the sparkling wines from the Moscato Bianco ( Muscat Blanc ) or here also as Moscato d'Asti or Moscato di Canelli designated variety are produced. It thrives particularly well in the Langhe Mountains around the municipality of Canelli, the center of the sparkling wine industry. Pearly or sparkling wines were already here in the Middle Ages.
In the 17th century, when Piedmont was still a duchy Savoy The Court Jeweler of the Dukes of Savoy, Giovanni Battista Croce, improved the cultivation and cellar techniques of his reign in viticulture. In 1870 Carlo Gancia, known as the "Father of Italian sparkling wine", led the Méthode champenoise and founded the famous white sparkling wine. The two types of wine Moscato d'Asti and Asti Spumante (also short Asti) were the first Italian sparkling wines in 1994, the DOCG classification. Both were first named after the Metodo italiano (tank fermentation = Méthode charmat ), later on the Asti Spumante also the variant Metodo tradizionale ( bottle fermentation ).
The Asti DOCG zone comprises a total of 52 municipalities mainly in the province of Asti (28 municipalities), but also extends into the two provinces of Alessandria (9) and Cueno (15). The vineyards cover a total of over 9,000 hectares of vineyards. There are the three sub-zones Canelli with municipalities in the two provinces of Asti and Cuneo, Santa Vittoria d'Alba with the same name (Cuneo) and Strevi with municipalities in the province of Alessandria. These may also have their name on the Moscato d'Asti label lead. Similarly, for the Moscato d'Asti wines the term Vigna (exposed, hilly layers) can be used.
The provisions are different in detail. They consist in actual or potential alcohol content (4.5% to 6.5% and 11% respectively for Moscato d'Asti vs. 7% to 9.5% and 12% for Asti Spumante respectively) and carbon dioxide pressure with 1 bar only slightly sparkling at the Moscato d'Asti opposite 4 bar at the Asti Spumante.
Asti Spumante : Until 2016 there was only one sweet version. Due to a huge decline in exports of more than 30%, a dry Asti in the versions of secco, demi-sec and extra-secco was introduced from the 2017 vintage. There are the tank fermented and with bottle fermentation (with added on the label: Metodo Classico or Metodo Tradizionale) produced types of wine. Among the best producers are Cascina Fonda, Ceretto. Cinzano, Contratto, Gancia, Fontanafredda, Martini & Rossi and Riccadonna. With around 80 million bottles a year, it is behind champagne and Cava world-wide at the top of sparkling wine production.
Moscato d'Asti : a sweet, slightly sparkling wine, according to its characteristics; not even one Frizzante (no quality judgment). There is also a variant Vendemmia Tardiva ( late vintage ). Particularly popular in Italy, wine is milder, fruity and less sparkling than Asti Spumante. The bottles are usually due to the low pressure with normal cork closed and also carry a vintage indication. Every year about four million bottles are produced. Well-known manufacturers are Bera Walter, Cascina Fonda, Carbonere, Ceretto, Dogliotti-Caudrina, Gatti, La Spinetta. Marcarini, Saracco, Traversa and Vignaioli di Santo Stefano.