The red variety comes from France, Synonyms are Carignan de Bedouin, Carignan de Gigondas, Grosse Rogettaz, Gueyne, Morescola, Murescola, Moustardier and Moutardier. Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological or name similarities she may not with the varieties Aubin Blanc. Aubin Vert or the one related to her Counoise (with which it is often grown mixed in older vineyards and also shares the synonym Grosse Rogettaz) are confused. According to done in 2012 DNA analysis she is a parent of the species Mourvaison, The descent (parenthood) is unknown.
The medium-maturing, high-yielding vine is prone to falseness mildew, In the area of origin, it was formerly considered resistant to rain, which, however, there rather by the phylloxera unsuitable soils was conditional. The variety produces low-color but rich in alcohol of the variety Carignan Noir ( mazuelo ) similar wines (which also indicate some synonyms mentioned above), which are rather for rosé wines are united.
The variety is in the Provence (especially Vaucluse ), on the southern Rhone and in Languedoc admitted in many appellations. Nearly 6,000 hectares were planted with it at the end of the 1970s, but the stock shrank to 553 hectares. Together with other varieties (such as Counoise) she was from James Busby (1802-1871) in 1833 in Australia introduced. More stocks should also be in California give. In 2010, however, only stocks were reported in France (Kym Anderson ).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Photos : Doris Schneider, Ursula Brühl, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof - 76833 Siebeldingen, GERMANY