The red grape variety comes from France, Synonyms are Carignan de Bedouin, Carignan de Gigondas, Grosse Rogettaz, Gueyne, Morescola, Murescola, Moustardier and Moutardier. Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological or name similarities it may not with the varieties Aubin Blanc. Aubin Vert or the one related to her Counoise (with which it is often mixed in older vineyards and also shares the synonym Grosse Rogettaz). According to in 2012 DNA analysis she is a parent of the variety Mourvaison, The parentage is unknown.
The medium-ripening, productive vine is prone to the wrong mildew, In the area of origin, it was formerly considered to be phylloxera-resistant, which, however, was more likely due to the phylloxera unsuccessful soils. The variety produces little colorful but alcohol-rich Carignan Noir ( mazuelo ) Similar wines (which is also indicated by some of the synonyms above), which are more likely to be united for rosé wines.
The variety is in the Provence (especially Vaucluse ), on the southern Rhone and in Languedoc approved in many appellations. At the end of the 1970s, just under 6,000 hectares were planted with it, but the stock shrank to 553 hectares. Together with other varieties (such as Counoise), it was made by James Busby (1802-1871) in 1833 Australia introduced. Further stocks are also said to be in California give. In 2010, however, only stocks in France were shown (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)