In Austria already since the time of the settlement by the Celts Winegrowing operated just under 3,000 years ago. The Burgenland community Zagersdorf and the Lower Austrian community Stillfried in the Weinviertel are considered the oldest wine-growing communities in Austria. In both places grape seeds were found, which from the time 700 and 900 v. Chr. Chr. Originate and clearly the species Vitis vinifera are assigned. The lifting of the emperor Domitian (51-96) ban on the planting of vines outside Italy by emperors Probus (232-282) had a positive effect on viticulture. For in the Roman provinces of Noricum (Upper and Lower Austria) and Pannonia (Burgenland) an orderly viticulture culture began. In the almost 200 years of turmoil of the migration of peoples from the end of the 4th century, viticulture almost came to a standstill due to many devastations.