The huge insurance group headquartered in Paris ( France ) was founded by the Frenchman Claude Bébéar (* 1935). Because of his diverse business ventures and great economic influence, he is also referred to as the "patron of French capitalism". In 1984 Bébéar bought the Château Franc-Maine (Saint-Émilion) and founded AXA-Millésimes (the estate was sold again in 1998). He used as his person in charge his friend Jean-Michel Cazes, in addition to his own wineries Château Lynch-Bages (Pauillac) and Château Les Ormes-de-Pez (Saint-Estèphe) runs the company. In the following years, other wineries were taken over, that is Château Cantenac Brown (Margaux), Château Petit-Village (Pomerol), Château Pibran (Pauillac), Château Pichon-Longueville Baron (Pauillac) Château Suduiraut (Sauternes) and Clos de l'Arlot (Nuits-Saint-Georges). Last but not least, AXA became active outside of France, followed by the Tokaj winery Disznókö in 1992 and the port wine house Quinta do Noval In 1993, around 4,000 of its executives are invited annually by AXA to a one-week course at the Châteaux Cantenac Brown and Suduiraut, where they are taught wine knowledge.