The huge insurance group headquartered in Paris ( France ) was founded by the Frenchman Claude Bébéar (* 1935). Because of his diverse business ventures and great economic influence, he is also called the "patron of French capitalism". In 1984 Bébéar bought the Château Franc-Maine (Saint-Émilion) and founded AXA-Millésimes (the winery was sold again in 1998). He appointed his friend Jean-Michel Cazes as the person in charge, alongside his own wineries Château Lynch-Bages (Pauillac) and Château Les Ormes-de-Pez (Saint-Estèphe) manages the company. In the following years, further wineries were taken over, that is Château Cantenac Brown (Margaux), Château Petit-Village (Pomerol), Château Pibran (Pauillac), Château Pichon-Longueville Baron (Pauillac) Château Suduiraut (Sauternes) and Clos de l'Arlot (Nuits-Saint-Georges). Last but not least, AXA was also active outside of France, followed by the Tokaj winery Disznókö in 1992 and the Port Wine House Quinta do Noval in 1993. Every year, AXA invites around 4,000 of its managers to a one-week course in the Châteaux Cantenac Brown and Suduiraut, where they are taught wine knowledge.