The state in Transcaucasia (with limits too Armenia and Georgia ) has a millennia-old viticulture culture. In the settlements Galabaglar, Galajig and Kültan (in the sub-republic of Nakhichevan) were kernels of cultivated grapes, stone tools for pressing and stone vessels for the fermentation and storage found from the 2nd millennium BC Come from Chr. The Greek historian Herodotus (482-425 BC) reports that it was already in this area in the 7th century BC. Chr. Has given a highly developed vine and wine culture. Also the Roman scholar Strabo (63 BC to 28 AD) describes similar from the 1st century AD
In the former USSR was the independent state since 1991 still the second largest winegrowing region. In 2012, the vineyards covered only 16,000 hectares. This was an extreme reduction to one third compared to 2000. These are located mainly west and north of the capital Baku near the Caspian Sea on the Apscheron Peninsula. Of these, only 79,000 hectoliters of wine were pressed. The vast majority is used for the production of table grapes as distillates with the brand names "Bakü", "Gök-göl" and "Yubileyni".
The continental, warm to hot climate requires an artificial one irrigation, In addition to many autochthonous Like vines Bayanshira. Hamashara. Khindogni. Matrasa. Rkatsiteli (Most common), Saperavi. Shirvanshahy. Sibi Abbas. tatlý and Tebrizi are also international varieties like Aligoté. Cabernet Sauvignon. Isabella. Muscat varieties. Pinot Noir and Riesling grown. Two thirds of it will be ungrafted cultivated. Traditionally, many wines are made in the style of sherry or port wine generated. Well-known wines are the white ones Sadylly as well as the red Shamakhi, Important producers are the Baku sparkling wine cellar and the Khanlar winery, both in Baku.