The state in Transcaucasia (with limits too Armenia and Georgia ) has a millennia-old wine-growing culture. In the settlements of Galabaglar, Galajig and Kueltan (in the Republic of Nakhichevan), seeds of cultivated grapes, stone tools for pressing and stone vessels for the fermentation and storage found from the 2nd millennium BC. Chr. The Greek historian Herodotus (482-425 BC) reports that this area was already in the 7th century BC. Chr. Gave a highly developed vine and wine culture. Even the Roman scholar Strabo (63 BC to AD 28) describes similar things from the 1st century AD
In the former USSR The state, which had been independent since 1991, was still the second largest wine-growing region. In 2012, however, the vineyards only comprised 16,000 hectares. This was an extreme reduction to a third compared to 2000. These are located mainly west and north of the capital Baku near the Caspian Sea on the Apscheron peninsula. Only 79,000 hectoliters of wine were made from it. The predominant part is used for the production of table grapes such as distillates with the brand names "Bakü", "Gök-göl" and "Yubileyni".
The continental, warm to hot climate requires an artificial one irrigation, Besides many autochthonous Vines like Bayanshira. Hamashara. Khindogni. Matrasa. Rkatsiteli (Most common), Saperavi. Shirvanshahy. Sibi Abbas. tatlý and Tebrizi international varieties such as Aligoté. Cabernet Sauvignon. Isabella. Muscat varieties. Pinot Noir and Riesling grown. Two thirds of it will ungrafted cultured. Traditionally, many wines are made according to the sherry or port wine generated. Well-known wines are white Sadylly as well as the red one Shamakhi, Important producers are the Baku sparkling wine cellar and the Khanlar cellar, both in Baku.