To Portugal counting archipelago in the mid-Atlantic 1,500 kilometers west of the mainland. She was already in the antiquity known and rediscovered in 1432 by the Portuguese. It consists of nine volcanic islands with a total of 2,300 km². The main island is São Miguel with the capital Ponta Delgada, the others are Corvo, Faial, Flores, Graciosa, Pico, Santa Maria, São Jorge and Terceira. The climate is oceanic-subtropical, the average humidity amounts to 75 to 90 percent in the sultry air. The Portuguese brought grapes from their homeland, the first motivation for viticulture was the production of altar wine, As early as the 17th century, viticulture was practiced on all islands and even wines were delivered to the Russian imperial court.
A peculiarity on Pico are the volcanic stone walls surrounded vineyards that protect against the sharp sea breeze. In the 19th century, many vineyards were through phylloxera and mildew destroyed. On three islands there are as DOC defined areas, these are Biscoitos (belongs to Terceira), Graciosa and Pico. There are mainly acidic, partially gespritete white wines Arinto. Fernão Pires. Terrantez da Terceira. Terrantez do Pico. Verdelho and Viosinho produced. The Vinho do Cheiro (Riechwein, because of strawberry flavor) from the hybrid Isabella is generated on all islands. Graciosa is also known for Aguardente (Spirits).