The red grape variety comes from the border area Romania / Ukraine; the name means "Black Grandmother". Around a hundred Synonyms testify to the widespread distribution and the presumably old age of the vine. The main alphabetically grouped by country are Serexia Noir ( France ); Poamă Rară Neagră, Rășchirată, Rastriopa, Serecsia Ciornaia, Serecsia Ciornaya ( Moldova ); Grandmother's grape, witch's grape ( Germany. Austria ); Băbească, Căldărușă, Căldărușe, Crăcană, Crăcanătă, Crangană, Neagră Băbească, Rară Negră, Rășchirată ( Romania ); Asîl Kara ( Russia ); Chernyi Redkii, Sereksia ( Ukraine ); Sereksiya, Serexia Black ( United States ).
The first documentary mentions already existed in the 14th century. The parentage is unknown, the parent varieties may already have died out. Color mutations are Băbească Albă and Băbească Gris, The variety was a cross partner in the new varieties Arcas. Codana. Codrinski. Cristina. Ketrosy and Mamaia, The late-ripening vine is susceptible to both mildews. Botrytis and drought but resistant to frost to minus 20 ° Celsius. It produces light red, fruity, acid-rich red wines with sour cherry aroma and is also called table grape used.
The variety is in Romania mainly grown in the Moldova region (Cotesti, Nicoresti, Odobesti, Panciu). In 2010, a total of 3,042 hectares were designated. There are further stocks in Moldova (80 ha), in the Ukraine and in Canada, The variety occupied a total of 3,122 hectares of vineyards in 2010. Compared to 2000 with 3,722 hectares, there was a 15% reduction. It documents worldwide varieties ranking rank 141.