The red grape variety comes from the border area Romania / Ukraine; the name means "Black Grandmother". About a hundred Synonyms bear witness to the wide distribution and presumably high age of the vine. The most important alphabetically grouped by country are Serexia Noir ( France ); Poamă Rară Neagră, Răşchirată, Rastriopa, Serecsia Ciornaia, Serecsia Ciornaya ( Moldova ); Grandmother grape, witch grape ( Germany. Austria ); Băbească, Căldăruşă, Căldăruşe, Crăcană, Crăcanătă, Crangană, Neagră Băbească, Rară Negră, Răşchirată ( Romania ); Asîl Kara ( Russia ); Chernyi Redkii, Sereksia ( Ukraine ); Sereksiya, Serexia Black ( United States ).
First documentary mentions already existed in the 14th century. The descent is unknown, possibly the parent varieties are already extinct. Color mutations are Băbească Albă and Băbească Gris, The variety was crossing partner in the new breeds Arcas. Codana. Codrinski. Cristina. Ketrosy and Mamaia, The late-ripening vine is susceptible to both mildews. Botrytis and drought but resistant to frost to minus 20 ° Celsius. It produces bright red, fruity, acidic red wines with sour cherry flavor and is also called table grape used.
The variety is in Romania mainly grown in the Moldavia region (Cotesti, Nicoresti, Odobesti, Panciu). In 2010, a total of 3,042 hectares were reported. There are more stocks in Moldova (80 ha), in the Ukraine and in Canada, The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 3,122 hectares of vineyards. Compared to 2000 with 3,722 hectares there was a reduction of 15%. It occupies the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 141.