The Kurpfalz-Bavarian court official Johann Lambert Gregory Imperial Baron von Babo (1725-1799) was a city clerk in Mannheim and Weinheim in Baden-Württemberg. He was the founder of the family of the barons of Babo, which produced several important winegrowers. His son Lambert Joseph Leopold of Babo (1790-1862) began to study law and then chemistry. After visiting the first higher agricultural school in Möglin ad Oder his agricultural relief was promoted. After agricultural study trips settled as a landowner in Weinheim low. In 1832 he founded the pomologist Johann Butcher (1789-1852) the agricultural club garden. Here, mainly seeds were bred and tested. He wrote as an agronomist and oenologist some important works such as "The Wine and table grapes the German vineyards and gardens "(1836 with butcher)," the vine and its varieties "(1844) with the varieties of the time, as well as "The main principles of the agriculture" (1851).
His son August-Wilhelm Freiherr von Babo (1827-1894) is certainly the most famous of the family Babo. He followed in the footsteps of his father, enjoyed a comprehensive agricultural education at several universities (eg Heidelberg) and took over the management of a trial vineyard in Karlsruhe. In 1860 he responded to the call Klosterneuburg near Wien and became the first director of the same year founded Klosterneuburger Weinbauinstituts in Lower Austria. Based on the by Carl Joseph Napoleon Balling (1805-1868) invented saccharometer Babo developed in 1861 the Klosterneuburger Mostwaage (KMW). This lowering scale is also in today Austria the official device for identifying the Most weight,
In 1869 he founded the first regularly published wine journal in Austria "Weinlaube". It exists as "Austrian wine newspaper" still today. Later, he brought out a wine calendar, which also appears today as "Austrian wine calendar". He became known and famous for his lectures, often referred to as "field fairs", in which he passed on his extensive knowledge to winegrowers. On his many journeys through the countries of the monarchy, he collected practically all grape varieties (1869 there were over 60) and thus made many attempts. In the years 1881 to 1883 he wrote together with his son-in-law Edmund Mach (1846-1901) the "Manual of viticulture and the cellar industry", which became the standard work for several generations of winegrowers with five editions.
In 1867 Babo got from his friend Jakob Ludwig Schiebler, formerly Ebermann (1810-1882), the horticultural director in Celle-Hannover as a true Danaergeschenk an assortment of American grape varieties. Babo immediately started experimenting with it. At this time, there was already the first alarming news from France about the phylloxera but no one knew then that the pest had come across the pond with American vines. In January 1870 appeared in the "wine arbor" a first report on the phylloxera and in the same year, the first damage occurred in Klosterneuburger vineyards (you even know the location, it was on Liebertsacker, the so-called "Yellow Bank"). One has this Babo later - as one infested the fact of causing the plague American vines had recognized - wrongly accused and accused him of having introduced phylloxera in Austria.
It was downright to "wine revolts" against him and his institution, when the first vineyard clearings were ordered by the state and many hewers were destroyed. At times he had to make his way from his apartment to the institute under gendarmerie protection, to be safe from the rage of the angry winemakers. Babo took up the fight against phylloxera. But all measures, such as petroleum and carbon disulphide injected into the ground, or the construction of fine-meshed nets over the vineyards to trap the airborne lice, were unsuccessful, too costly and too costly. Almost all of the vineyards in Klosterneuburg were already infected by the pest in 1880 and had to be cleared for the most part.
As an alternative, Babo encouraged the cultivation of tobacco plants and tomatoes (Austrian Paradeiser). But that also failed because one did not even know tomatoes in Wien at the time. However, another initiative was very successful, Babo promoted namely the cultivation of ribisl (currants) and cherries for the production of wine. In the year 1874 the situation was already so dull that a "Reblauskommission" was established, which had to detect the phylloxera. Then came at this time from France finally the solution of the problem, namely the grafting of European noble rice on American rhizomes, the so-called finishing, In 1876, Babo and the Klosterneuburg Institute recommended that local winegrowers use this procedure in general. At the asylum were 2,000 cuttings the American variety Taylor created and multiplied and this documents provided to the communities.
In 1889, the wrong occurred mildew first time in Klosterneuburg . In addition to the phylloxera and the real mildew This fungal disease was also introduced from North America. Two years later this deserving man died, who was duly honored with a bust erected in 1927 in the garden of the Klosterneuburg of Viticulture (see picture above). Finally, his son Baron Max von Babo (1862-1933) is worth mentioning. This played as Austrian consul in China at the founding of the still existing winery Yantai Changyu a significant role. See also below Viticulture personalities,