The Roman god Bacchus corresponds to the Greek god Dionysos (see there) and was adopted more or less one by one by the Romans. Its name derives from Bakchos (caller, shouting), as it was called because of the noise caused by its exuberant retinue. Bacchus is the Roman god of fertility and ecstasy, of wine and viticulture. Its external attributes are the one with ivy and vines encircled thyrsos (Fertility symbol) and the kantharos (Drinking vessel for wine). He travels accompanied by God Pan cited satyrs (Mixed beings of man and goat as representatives of boisterous drivenness and fertility daemons devoted to dance and wine) as well as nymphs the lands.
The Bacchanalia named after the god (exuberant feasts with excessive consumption of wine) correspond to the Greek Dionysia. In today Lebanon was built under Roman rule in the 2nd century AD in the ancient city of Baalbek (Greek Heliopolis) in the Bekaa Valley on the edge of the Atlas Mountains in honor of Bacchus a temple. This was excavated at the beginning of the 20th century and testifies to the glorious splendor of this epoch. Even today, here is the Lebanese viticulture center. In Germany there is one from Peter Morio (1887-1960) created a new breed called Bacchus, In Austria there is the one of the ÖWM awarded Bacchus Price for special services to the Austrian wine. See topic group also under Customs in viticulture. intoxication. Satyricon. symposium. drinking culture and wine gods,