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Bacchus (wine god)

The Roman god Bacchus corresponds to the Greek god Dionysos (see there) and was taken over by the Romans more or less one to one. Its name derives from Bakchos (caller, shouting) as it was called because of the noise caused by its exuberant retinue. Bacchus is the Roman god of fertility and ecstasy, of wine and viticulture. Its external attributes are that of ivy and vines thyrsos (Fertility symbol) and the kantharos (Drinking vessel for wine). He travels accompanied by God Pan cited satyrs (Mixed creature of human and goat as representatives of boisterous drift and fertility daemons devoted to dance and wine) as well as nymphs the lands.

Bacchus - Painting by Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio and Peter Paul Rubens

The Bacchanalia named after the god (exuberant feasts with excessive consumption of wine) correspond to the Greek Dionysia. In today Lebanon was built under Roman rule in the 2nd century AD in the ancient city of Baalbek (Greek Heliopolis) in the Bekaa Valley on the edge of the Atlas Mountains in honor of Bacchus a temple. This was excavated at the beginning of the 20th century and bears witness to the glorious splendor of this era. Even today, here is the Lebanese viticulture center. In Germany there is one from Peter Morio (1887-1960) created a new breed called Bacchus, In Austria there is the one of the ÖWM awarded Bacchus Price for special services to the Austrian wine. See topic group also under Customs in viticulture. intoxication. Satyricon. symposium. drinking culture and wine gods,

Picture left: By Caravaggio , Public domain, Link
Picture right: By Rubens , public domain, link

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