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Bacchus (wine god)

The Roman god Bacchus corresponds to the Greek god Dionysos (see there) and was taken over more or less one to one by the Romans. Its name derives from bakchos (callers, shouts), as it was called because of the noise caused by its boisterous entourage. Bacchus is the Roman god of fertility and ecstasy, wine and viticulture. Its external attributes are those encircled with ivy and vines thyrsos (Fertility symbol) and the kantharos (Drinking vessel for wine). He travels in the company of God Pan cited satyrs (Mixed beings of man and billy goat as representatives of exuberant activity and fertility demons who are devoted to dance and wine) as well as nymphs the countries.

Bacchus - painting by Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio and Peter Paul Rubens

The Bacchanalia named after the god (boisterous festivals with excessive enjoyment of wine) correspond to the Greek Dionysia. In today's Lebanon A temple was built under the Roman rule in the 2nd century AD in the ancient city of Baalbek (Greek: Heliopolis) in the Bekaa Valley on the edge of the Atlas Mountains in honor of Bacchus. It was excavated at the beginning of the 20th century and testifies to the splendid splendor of this era. The Lebanese Wine Center is still here today. In Germany there is one of Peter Morio (1887-1960) created new breed called Bacchus, In Austria there is the von ÖWM awarded Bacchus Price for special services to Austrian wine. See also under the topic Customs in viticulture. intoxication. Satyricon. symposium. drinking culture and wine gods,

Left: From Caravaggio , public domain, link
Right: Von Rubens , public domain, link

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