The French teacher and vine grower François Baco (1865-1947) was involved in the struggle against the rampant in France and also in many other European countries from 1880 onwards phylloxera active. He learned the professional from the well-known botanist Lucien Louis Daniel (1865-1940) finishing, that is, the grafting of European noble vines to American ones documents, From the appearance of the black rot in 1896 he started breeding fungus-resistant hybrids, Baco carried out an artificial fertilization of 1,200 inflorescences and, as a result, planted around 50,000 grape seeds on the estate of his friend Jules Darrignan in the municipality of Labatut near Bélus in the region of south-western France. In several years of work, he selected from over 50,000 cuttings around 7,000, of which no more than ten were ultimately marketed by 1912. He was also supported by his son Maurice.
The plants are named after him (plus number), some later got sounding names. They were so-called first-generation French hybrids between mostly fungus-resistant American vines (for example Noah ) and Europeans Vines (for example Folle Blanche ). The best known new varieties of wine grapes for wine production Baco Blanc (Baco 22A), Baco Chasselas (Baco 7A), Baco noir (Baco 1), Olivar (Baco 30-15), Rescapé (Baco 9-11) and Totmur (Baco 2-16). But he also created documents like like for example Caperan (Baco 43-23). The American wine pioneer Philip wagner (1904-1996) from Maryland was largely responsible for the fact that the Baco varieties (and also other breeders) spread across the entire east coast of America from the 1940s.