The French teacher and vulture breeder François Baco (1865-1947) was rampant in fighting the 1880s in France and many other European countries phylloxera active. He learned the professional botanist Lucien Louis Daniel (1865-1940) finishing that is, the grafting of European noble voyages on American documents, From the appearance of black rot In 1896 he started breeding mushroom resistant hybrids, Baco carried out an artificial fertilization of 1,200 inflorescences and planted as a result about 50,000 grape seeds on the estate of his friend Jules Darrignan in the community Labatut near Bélus in the Southwest France region. In several years of work, he selected from over 50,000 cuttings around 7,000, of which, until 1912, no more than ten were ultimately marketed. He was also supported by his son Maurice.
The plants are named after him (plus number), some got later sounding names. They were so-called French hybrids of the first generation between mostly fungus-resistant American vines (for example Noah ) and Europeans Vines (for example Fool Blanche ). The best known new breeds of wine grapes are for wine production Baco Blanc (Baco 22A), Baco Chasselas (Baco 7A), Baco Noir (Baco 1), Olivar (Baco 30-15), Rescapé (Baco 9-11) and Totmur (Baco 2-16). He also created documents like, for example Caperan (Baco 43-23). The American viticulture pioneer Philip wagner (1904-1996) from Maryland was largely responsible for the fact that the baco varieties (and other breeders) spread throughout the east coast of America from the 1940s.