The red grape variety is an interspecific new breed between Piquepoul du Gers ( Folle Blanche ) x Riparia Grand Glabre (presumably the paternal seed was a pollen mixture). Synonyms are 24-23 Baco, Baco 1, Baco 1-24, Baco 24-23; Bacoi, Baco Negru, Bago, Bako Noar, Bako Noir, Bakon, Bako Sieiski, Bako Speiskii and Frybert. They are genes from Vitis riparia and Vitis vinifera contain. The crossing of the hybrid was done in 1902 by the French breeder François Baco (1865-1947) in Bélus (southwestern France). The variety was a cross partner of the new varieties GR 7. Olivar and Totmur and will / will also be as rootstock used.
The early ripening vine is resistant to both mildews but prone to black rot, It produces vivid, acidic red wines, which none Foxton exhibit. Baco Noir used to be in France, especially in Burgundy widespread. Due to the EU hybrid ban, the population shrank extremely. In 2010, only 11 hectares were recorded. In the Switzerland it is represented on one hectare. In 1951 she was transferred to the United States introduced wherever in the states Michigan. Mississippi. new York (240 ha), Oregon. Pennsylvania and Wisconsin is cultivated. Already in the 1940s, the French pioneer Adhémar de had it Chaunac (* 1896) after Canada brought, where she occupied a total of 373 hectares in 2010.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)