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Baden (Germany)

The growing area in Germany with a vineyard of 15,836 hectares is the third largest and the southernmost. It extends over 300 kilometers from Lake Constance along the Upper Rhine Plain via the Badische Bergstraße and the Kraichgau to Tauberfranken. More than three quarters of the total vineyard area is out of the approximately 100 Winzergenossenschaften processed. These make use of the huge central winery founded in 1952 Baden wine cellar, which is one of the largest European cooperative farms.

The large area is distinguished in South Baden and North Baden. Because of the above - average warm climate Baden is the only German cultivation area, which belongs to the Wine growing zone B and thus to the same zone as the French regions Alsace. Savoy and Loire, and also Austria belongs. To the north lies the city Heidelberg with the already founded in 1386 the latest German university. The Badische Weinstraße starts north of this city and leads to Ortenau in Südbaden.

Map of the Baden region

Areas, communities and locations

The Baden region is divided into the nine areas Badische Bergstrasse, Lake Constance, Breisgau, Kaiserstuhl, Kraichgau, Markgräflerland, Ortenau, Tauber and Tuniberg with 15 major locations and 315 individual locations. The lying in the north area Badische Bergstraße formed until 1971 together with the Hessian mountain road the growing area Bergstraße. This smallest area covers just under 400 hectares of vineyards. Due to the mild climate, he is also referred to as the "Riviera of Germany". The vineyards are concentrated in a few villages north and south of Heidelberg. The predominant type of soil is loess clay with underground sandstone and shell limestone. Contrary to the name, there are vineyards in "only" 150 to 250 meters above sea level. There is only one location Rittersberg. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers:

  • Heidelberg : Castle, Dachsbuckel, Dormenacker, Heiligenberg, Herrenberg. Sunny side ob the Bruck
  • Hemsbach : Mr. Wingert
  • Hohensachsen : Stephansberg
  • Laudenbach : Sonnberg
  • Gluing : Herrenberg, Way of the Cross
  • Lützelsachsen : Stephansberg
  • Schriesheim : Kuhberg, Madonnenberg, Schlossberg, Staudenberg
  • Weinheim : Herrnwingert, Hubberg, Stephansberg, Wüstberg

The second smallest area with about 600 hectares of vineyards Lake Constance is the southernmost winegrowing area in Germany. According to a legend, Charles III. (839-888), a great-grandson Charlemagne (742-814) the Spätburgunder after Bodman. On Lake Constance in the 1920s in Germany was the first time Müller-Thurgau grown. The soils are characterized by glacial moraine gravel and molasse (rock deposits). The mirror of Lake Constance is 396 meters, the vineyards extend to 560 meters above sea level. The extinct volcanic cone Hohentwiel is the highest vineyard in Germany. Due to this altitude prevails here for Baden relatively cool climate. There is only a great location sun shore. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers:

  • Bermatingen : Leopoldsberg
  • Bodman : King's Wine Garden
  • Erzingen : Kapellenberg
  • Gailingen : knight's dump, Castle Rheinburg
  • Hohgengen : Mount of Olives
  • Hohentwiel : Elisabethenberg, Olga Berg
  • Kirchberg : Schlossberg
  • Constance : Sunspot
  • Markdorf : Burgstall, Sängerhalde
  • Meersburg : urchin, Chorherrenhalde, Fohrenberg, Haltnau, Jungfernstieg, Lerchenberg, Rieschen, Sängerhalde
  • Oberuhldingen (Birnau) : Kirchhalde
  • Stetten : Fohrenberg, Lerchenberg, Sängerhalde

The area Breisgau covers about 1,600 hectares of vineyards along the slopes of the Black Forest of Freiburg in the south to Lahr in the north. However, it must not be confused with the much larger geographical region Breisgau. The soils are dominated by loess, shell limestone and gneiss. There are higher rainfall amounts. The most common varieties are more than 40% Pinot Noir, as well as Müller-Thurgau and Pinot Gris. The area is divided into three major locations: Schutter-Lindenberg, Burg Lichteneck and Burg Zähringen. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers:

The southern Kaiserstuhl area is by far the largest with over 4,100 hectares of vineyards. He is named after the extinct volcanic cone of the same name. Accordingly prevail Vulkanverwitterungs-, but also loess soils. Climatically, the Kaiserstuhl is particularly favorable for viticulture. The warmest region in Germany can be found on the southern slopes around Achkarren and Ihringen. The most common varieties are with 40% Pinot Noir, as well as Müller-Thurgau and Pinot Gris. There is only one major location called volcanic rock. The wine-growing communities with their individual layers:

  • Achkarren : Castellberg, Schlossberg
  • Amoltern : stone dump
  • Bahlingen : Silberberg
  • Bickensohl : master piece, stone rock
  • Bischoffingen : Enselberg, Rosary, stone Buck
  • Blankenhornsberg : Doctor garden
  • Bötzingen : Eckberg, Lasenberg
  • Buchheim : Rebstuhl
  • Breisach : Augustinerberg, Eckartsberg
  • Burkheim : Feuerberg Schlossberg, Castle garden
  • Eichstetten : Herrenbuck, Lerchenberg
  • Endingen : Engelsberg, Steingrube, Tannacker
  • Ihringen : Castellberg, Fohrenberg, Kreuzhalde, Schlossberg, Stone rocks, Winklerberg
  • Jechtingen : eichert, Enselberg, stalls, Hochberg, Steingrube
  • Kiechlingsbergen : Mount of Olives, Teufelsburg
  • Königschaffhausen : Hasenberg, Steingrüble
  • Leiselheim : Stalls
  • Neuershausen : Stone pit
  • Nimburg-Bottingen : Stone pit
  • Oberbergen : Bassgeige (Gewanne im Leh and Kähner), powder Buck
  • Oberrotweil : Eichberg. Henkenberg. Käsleberg. Kirchberg. Schlossberg
  • Bar : St. Michaelsberg
  • Sasbach : Limburg, Red heap
  • Schelingen : Kirchberg
  • Wasenweiler : Kreuzhalde, Lotberg

Baden - View of Oberbergen with bass violin and Pulverbuck (Kaiserstuhl)

The northern Kraichgau area covers over 1,200 hectares of vineyards. Until 1996 he formed a common area with the Badischer Bergstraße. The prevailing soil type is deep, calcareous loess, which manifests itself in the partly very spacious curved terraces. In contrast to all other areas, around 20% of the Riesling is here, followed by Pinot Noir, Müller-Thurgau and Pinot Gris. The area is divided into the three major cities Hohenberg, Mannaberg and Stiftsberg. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers:

  • Bruchsal : Klosterberg, Rothenberg, Weiherberg, Weinhecke
  • Durlach : Turmberg
  • Eichelberg : Kapellenberg
  • Eichtersheim : climbing mountain, Sonnenberg
  • Heidelsheim : Altenberg
  • Kürnbach : Lerchenberg
  • Malsch : olive tree, Rotsteig
  • Michelfeld : Himmelberg, Sonnenberg
  • Odenheim : king cup
  • Östringen : Hummelberg, Rosenkranzweg, Ulrichsberg
  • Sulzfeld : Castle Ravensburger Dicker Franz. Castle Ravensburger Hussar cap. Castle Ravensburger Löchle, Lerchenberg
  • Tiefenbach : Schellenbrunnen, Spiegelberg
  • Weingarten : Katzenberg, Petersberg
  • Zeutern : Kingdom of heaven

The area Markgräflerland covers over 3,000 hectares, which extend between Freiburg and Basel. The predominant soil type is loam and loess with partly limestone marl. The climate, especially in the north, is rather cool and humid. The most common grape variety with a third share is Chasselas (Gutedel), which was brought here in 1780 by the Baden Grand Duke Karl Friedrich of Baden (1728-1811) from Vevey (Switzerland). The next varieties are Spätburgunder, Müller-Thurgau and Pinot Blanc. The area is divided into the three major locations Burg Neuenfels, Lorettoberg and Vogtei Rötteln. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers:

  • Auggen : Latvians, Shepherd
  • Badenweiler : Römerberg
  • Bad Krozingen : Steingrüble
  • Ballrechten-Dottingen : Altenberg and Castellberg
  • Binzen : Sonnhohle
  • Britzingen : Kaiserbereg, Rosenberg, Sonnhole (with cadastral location Muggardter mountain)
  • Ebringen : Sommerberg
  • Efringen-churches : Kirchberg, Mount of Olives, Sonnhohle, Steingässle
  • Egringen : sun hollow
  • Ehrenstetten : Mount of Olives, Rosenberg
  • Fischingen : vineyard
  • Haltingen : Stairs
  • Heitersheim : Maltesergarten. Sun Hollow
  • Hill home : Gottesacker, Höllberg, castle garden
  • Istein : Kirchberg
  • Running : Altenberg (with cadastral Muggardter mountain), Weingarten
  • Lörrach-Tüllingen : Sunwell
  • Mauchen : Fraunberg, Sun piece
  • Müllheim : Pfaffenstück, Reggenhag, Sonnhalde
  • Ötlingen : Sonnhohle, stairs
  • Pfaffenweiler : Batzenberg, Oberdürrenberg
  • Rümmingen : Sonnhohle
  • Schlatt : Maltese Garden, Steingrüble
  • Schliengen : Sun piece
  • Staufen / Grunern : Schlossberg
  • Because on the Rhine : Schlipfkrapfen, Stairs

The area Ortenau covers about 2,700 vineyards from Bermersbach in the south to Baden-Baden in the north. The predominant type of soil is heavily weathered granite and porphyry with occasional loess and loess clay pads. This provides excellent conditions for the Riesling, which is second only to the Pinot Noir before the Müller-Thurgau and here for historical reasons Klingelberger called. There are relatively high amounts of precipitation. The area is divided into the two major locations Fürsteneck and Schloss Rodeck. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers:

The area Tauberfranken includes the vineyards between Bad Mergentheim-Dainbach and Wertheim-Dertingen along the eponymous Tauber. He is only part of Tauber valley, which was divided under wine law into three sections in three growing areas. The Baden part Tauberfranken covers 670 hectares of vineyards. The most common varieties here are Müller-Thurgau and Schwarzriesling. The predominant type of soil is shell limestone with loamy fine soils, as well as Keuper and Buntsandstein. There is only one large location called Tauberklinge. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers:

The area Tuniberg formerly formed a common cultivation area with the Kaiserstuhl. The separation was from a geological point of view, because the soil is not of volcanic origin, but it prevails limestone and loess. The vineyards cover 1,000 hectares of vineyards. The most important varieties are Spätburgunder and Müller-Thurgau. There is only one large location called Attila rocks. The wine-growing communities with their individual layers:

  • Gottenheim : Kirchberg
  • Quantities : Alemannenbuck
  • Merdingen : Buhl
  • Munzingen : chapel hill
  • Niederrimsingen : Rotgrund
  • Oberrimsingen : Franciscan
  • Opfingen : Sonnenberg
  • Tiengen : Rebtal
  • Waltershofen : stone wall

Blend

The grape variety has changed little in the top ten in the last ten years. It confirms the general German trend towards more red wines, which have increased from 38 to 44%. That with the Spätburgunder a red wine vine is at the top, there are only in the growing areas Ahr and Wuerttemberg, As in the other growing areas, many have new varieties lost a lot of ground. Wines from the Burgundy varieties are typical, Baden specialties are Weißherbst. Badish rose gold and Baden Selection, The grape variety status 2009 (0 = less than 0.5 ha,? = Unknown numerical value or for statistical-legal reasons):

vine
German main name
In Germany
common synonyms
colour hectare
2009
% -
Ant
Pinot Noir
included Samtrot
Pinot Noir, Blue S., Pinot Noir
Blue Pinot Noir clone velvet red
red 5794 36.6
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner, Riesling Sylvaner White 2687 17.0
Ruländer Pinot gris, Pinot Gris White 1703 10.8
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc White 1196 7.6
Riesling White Riesling, Rhine Riesling White 1160 7.3
Chasselas Chasselas, White Gassedel White 1101 7.0
regent - red 306 1.9
Müllerrebe Meunier, Pinot Meunier red 260 1.6
Chardonnay - White 162 1.0
Red Traminer Traminer / Gewurztraminer White 154 1.0
Green Silvaner
Blue Silvaner
Sylvaner, Sylvaner White 153
?
1.0
-
Cabernet Mitos - red 134 0.8
Sauvignon Blanc Muskat-Sylvaner White 89 0.6
Kerner - White 71 0.4
Auxerrois Little Heunisch White 66 0.4
Yellow Muscat
Red Muscat
muscatel / Muscat Blanc White 64
0
0.4
-
Limberger / Lemberger Blaufränkisch, Blue Limberger red 60 0.4
Dornfelder - red 48 0.3
dark fields - red 48 0.3
Bacchus - White 43 0.3
Scheurebe Seedling 88 White 43 0.3
Solaris - White 37 0.2
Cabernet Dorsa - red 35 0.2
Portuguese Blue Portuguese red 32 0.2
Acolon - red 28 0.2
Merlot - red 27 0.2
Cabernet Cortis - red 23 0.1
Trollinger Blue Trollinger, Schiava Grossa red 22 0.1
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 20 0.1
Johanniter - White 19 0.1
St. Laurent - red 15 0.1
Bouvier foundling White 12 0.1
Cabernet Franc - red 5 -
Frühburgunder Blue Frühburgunder, Clevner red 5 -
Syrah Shiraz red 5 -
Palas - red 4 -
Blue Zweigelt Zweigelt, Rotburger red 4 -
Cabernet Cubin - red 3 -
Tauberschwarz Blue hanging man red 3 -
Bronner - White 2 -
Freisamer - White 2 -
Merzling - White 2 -
Cabernet Dorio - red 2 -
Huxelrebe - White 1 -
jewel - White 1 -
Morio Muscat Morio White 0 -
Blauburger - red ? -
Dakapo - red ? -
Deckrot - red ? -
Domina - red ? -
Ehrenfelser - White ? -
teinturierTeinturier du Cher red ? -
Heroldrebe - red ? -
Hoelder - White ? -
Kernling - White ? -
Muscat Ottonel - White ? -
Nobling - White ? -
Orion - White ? -
Ortega - White ? -
pearl - White ? -
Phoenix - White ? -
Rieslaner - White ? -
rondo - red ? -
White Elbling Elbling White ? -
otherwise. white varieties - White 19 0.1
otherwise red varieties - red 59 0.4
WHITE VARIETIES 8856 55.9
RED VARIETIES 6980 44.1
TOTAL 15836 100

producers

Well-known producers are Aufricht Robert & Manfred. Augit. Axel Bauer. Baden wine cellar. Bercher. Bercher-Schmidt. Bian. Bickensohler. Blankenhorn. Branding iron Dirk. Castle Ravensburg. Burkheimer winemakers at the Kaiserstuhl. Doerflinger. Clauer Joerg. Dr. Heger. Duijn. Durbacher Winzergenossenschaft. Enderle & Minor. Fendt wine family. Fischer Otto. Baron von Gleichenstein. Freiherr von and to Franckenstein. Frey Martin. Frick Bernhard. Brothers Müller. Gräflich Wolff Metternich'sches winery. Gravino. Heitlinger. Hero Norbert. Hofgut Consequence. Holub Horst. Huber Bernhard. Hummel Bernd. Hunn Kilian. Jägle Bernhard. John Karl-Heinz. Kalkbödele. Karle Gerhard. Keller Franz. Pine Frederick. Klumpp Ulrich. Knab. Köbelin Arndt. Kopp Johannes. Laible Andreas. Lämmlin-Schindler. Landmann Jürgen. Male Andreas. Heinrich. Marget Klaus-Martin. Margrave of Baden (Salem, Staufenberg), Muller Adam. Nägelsförst. Nieger Sven.

Pfaffenweiler wine house. Pix Reinhold. Plag Werner. Imperial Count and Marquis to Hoensbroech. Reinecker Herbert. Rinklin Friedhelm. Salwey. Guess Gregor and Thomas. Guess Leopold. Schlör Konrad. Schlossgut Ebringen. Castle estate Istein. Castle Neuweier. Castle Ortenberg. Tailor Claus. Schneider Reinhold. Schlumberger Hartmut. Schweigler Dieter. Seeger Thomas. State Wine Estate Freiburg. State Wine Estate Meersburg. Stigler Andreas. St. Remigius. Trautwein Hans-Peter. Wassmer Martin. Weber Werner. Wiesler Michael. WG Achkarren. WG Königschaffhausen. Wöhrle Markus. Zähringer Wilhelm. Zeller Abtsberg winegrower. Ziereisen,

Kaiserstuhl / Oberbergen: © DWI (German Wine Institute)

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