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Baden (Germany)

The cultivation area lies in the federal state Baden-Wuerttemberg in Germany and is differentiated in South Baden and North Baden. It stretches almost 400 kilometers from Lake Constance along the Upper Rhine Plain via the Badische Bergstraße and the Kraichgau to Tauberfranken. The vineyards cover 15,828 hectares of vines. To the north lies the city Heidelberg with the already founded in 1386 the latest German university. The Badische Weinstraße starts north of this city and leads to Ortenau in Südbaden. Already in the 2nd century, viticulture spread from Lake Constance to the north. It reached its peak in the 16th century.

Map of the Baden region

Climate and soil

It is the southernmost German wine-growing region. Because of the above average warm climate Baden is the only one to Wine growing zone B and thus to the same zone as the French regions Alsace. Savoy and Loire, and also Austria belongs. The nine areas are quite different in terms of landscape and climate. The highest temperatures are on the southern slopes of the Kaiserstuhl. The soil types range from gravel, marl and clay to chalk, clay and loess, to limestone and Keuper.

Areas, communities and locations

The Baden region is divided into the nine areas Badische Bergstrasse, Lake Constance, Breisgau, Kaiserstuhl, Kraichgau, Markgräflerland, Ortenau, Tauber and Tuniberg with 15 major locations and 315 individual locations. The lying in the north area Badische Bergstraße formed until 1971 together with the Hessian mountain road the growing area Bergstraße. This smallest area covers just under 400 hectares of vineyards. Due to the mild climate, he is also referred to as the "Riviera of Germany". The vineyards are concentrated in a few villages north and south of Heidelberg. The predominant type of soil is loess clay with underground sandstone and shell limestone. Contrary to the name, there are vineyards in "only" 150 to 250 meters above sea level. There is only one location Rittersberg. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers:

  • Heidelberg : Castle, Dachsbuckel, Dormenacker, Heiligenberg, Herrenberg. Sunny side ob the Bruck
  • Hemsbach : Mr. Wingert
  • Hohensachsen : Stephansberg
  • Laudenbach : Sonnberg
  • Gluing : Herrenberg, Way of the Cross
  • Lützelsachsen : Stephansberg
  • Schriesheim : Kuhberg, Madonnenberg, Schlossberg, Staudenberg
  • Weinheim : Herrnwingert, Hubberg, Stephansberg, Wüstberg

The second smallest area with about 600 hectares of vineyards Lake Constance is the southernmost winegrowing area in Germany. After a legend, Charles III. (839-888), a great-grandson Charlemagne (742-814) the Spätburgunder after Bodman. On Lake Constance in the 1920s in Germany was the first time Müller-Thurgau grown. The soils are characterized by glacial moraine gravel and molasse (rock deposits). The mirror of Lake Constance is 396 meters, the vineyards extend to 560 meters above sea level. The extinct volcanic cone Hohentwiel is the highest vineyard in Germany. Due to this altitude prevails here for Baden relatively cool climate. There is only a great location sun shore. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers:

  • Bermatingen : Leopoldsberg
  • Bodman : King's Wine Garden
  • Erzingen : Kapellenberg
  • Gailingen : knight's dump, Castle Rheinburg
  • Hohgengen : Mount of Olives
  • Hohentwiel : Elisabethenberg, Olga Berg
  • Kirchberg : Schlossberg
  • Constance : Sunspot
  • Markdorf : Burgstall, Sängerhalde
  • Meersburg : urchin, Chorherrenhalde, Fohrenberg, Haltnau, Jungfernstieg, Lerchenberg, Rieschen, Sängerhalde
  • Oberuhldingen (Birnau) : Kirchhalde
  • Stetten : Fohrenberg, Lerchenberg, Sängerhalde

The area Breisgau covers about 1,600 hectares of vineyards along the slopes of the Black Forest of Freiburg in the south to Lahr in the north. However, it must not be confused with the much larger geographical region Breisgau. The soils are dominated by loess, shell limestone and gneiss. There are higher rainfall amounts. The most common varieties are more than 40% Pinot Noir, as well as Müller-Thurgau and Pinot Gris. The area is divided into three major locations: Schutter-Lindenberg, Burg Lichteneck and Burg Zähringen. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers:

The southern Kaiserstuhl area is by far the largest with over 4,100 hectares of vineyards. He is named after the extinct volcanic cone of the same name. Accordingly prevail Vulkanverwitterungs-, but also loess soils. Climatically, the Kaiserstuhl is particularly favorable for viticulture. The warmest region in Germany can be found on the southern slopes around Achkarren and Ihringen. The most common varieties are with 40% Pinot Noir, as well as Müller-Thurgau and Pinot Gris. There is only one major location called volcanic rock. The wine-growing communities with their individual layers:

  • Achkarren : Castellberg, Schlossberg
  • Amoltern : stone dump
  • Bahlingen : Silberberg
  • Bickensohl : master piece, stone rock
  • Bischoffingen : Enselberg, Rosary, stone Buck
  • Blankenhornsberg : Doctor garden
  • Bötzingen : Eckberg, Lasenberg
  • Buchheim : Rebstuhl
  • Breisach : Augustinerberg, Eckartsberg
  • Burkheim : Feuerberg Schlossberg, Castle garden
  • Eichstetten : Herrenbuck, Lerchenberg
  • Endingen : Engelsberg, Steingrube, Tannacker
  • Ihringen : Castellberg, Fohrenberg, Kreuzhalde, Schlossberg, Stone rocks, Winklerberg
  • Jechtingen : eichert, Enselberg, stalls, Hochberg, Steingrube
  • Kiechlingsbergen : Mount of Olives, Teufelsburg
  • Königschaffhausen : Hasenberg, Steingrüble
  • Leiselheim : Stalls
  • Neuershausen : Stone pit
  • Nimburg-Bottingen : Stone pit
  • Oberbergen : Bassgeige (Gewanne im Leh and Kähner), powder Buck
  • Oberrotweil : Eichberg. Henkenberg. Käsleberg. Kirchberg. Schlossberg
  • Bar : St. Michaelsberg
  • Sasbach : Limburg, Red heap
  • Schelingen : Kirchberg
  • Wasenweiler : Kreuzhalde, Lotberg

Baden - View of Oberbergen with bass violin and Pulverbuck (Kaiserstuhl)

The northern Kraichgau area covers over 1,200 hectares of vineyards. Until 1996 he formed a common area with the Badischer Bergstraße. The prevailing soil type is deep, calcareous loess, which manifests itself in the partly very spacious curved terraces. In contrast to all other areas, around 20% of the Riesling is here, followed by Pinot Noir, Müller-Thurgau and Pinot Gris. The area is divided into the three major cities Hohenberg, Mannaberg and Stiftsberg. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers:

  • Bruchsal : Klosterberg, Rothenberg, Weiherberg, Weinhecke
  • Durlach : Turmberg
  • Eichelberg : Kapellenberg
  • Eichtersheim : climbing mountain, Sonnenberg
  • Heidelsheim : Altenberg
  • Kürnbach : Lerchenberg
  • Malsch : olive tree, Rotsteig
  • Michelfeld : Himmelberg, Sonnenberg
  • Odenheim : king cup
  • Östringen : Hummelberg, Rosenkranzweg, Ulrichsberg
  • Sulzfeld : Castle Ravensburger Dicker Franz. Castle Ravensburger Hussar cap. Castle Ravensburger Löchle, Lerchenberg
  • Tiefenbach : Schellenbrunnen, Spiegelberg
  • Weingarten : Katzenberg, Petersberg
  • Zeutern : Kingdom of heaven

The area Markgräflerland covers over 3,000 hectares, which extend between Freiburg and Basel. The predominant soil type is loam and loess with partly limestone marl. The climate, especially in the north, is rather cool and humid. The most common grape variety with a third share is Chasselas (Gutedel), which was brought here in 1780 by the Baden Grand Duke Karl Friedrich of Baden (1728-1811) from Vevey (Switzerland). The next varieties are Spätburgunder, Müller-Thurgau and Pinot Blanc. The area is divided into the three major locations Burg Neuenfels, Lorettoberg and Vogtei Rötteln. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers:

  • Auggen : Latvians, Shepherd
  • Badenweiler : Römerberg
  • Bad Krozingen : Steingrüble
  • Ballrechten-Dottingen : Altenberg and Castellberg
  • Binzen : Sonnhohle
  • Britzingen : Kaiserbereg, Rosenberg, Sonnhole (with cadastral location Muggardter mountain)
  • Ebringen : Sommerberg
  • Efringen-churches : Kirchberg, Mount of Olives, Sonnhohle, Steingässle
  • Egringen : sun hollow
  • Ehrenstetten : Mount of Olives, Rosenberg
  • Fischingen : vineyard
  • Haltingen : Stairs
  • Heitersheim : Maltesergarten. Sun Hollow
  • Hill home : Gottesacker, Höllberg, castle garden
  • Istein : Kirchberg
  • Running : Altenberg (with cadastral Muggardter mountain), Weingarten
  • Lörrach-Tüllingen : Sunwell
  • Mauchen : Fraunberg, Sun piece
  • Müllheim : Pfaffenstück, Reggenhag, Sonnhalde
  • Ötlingen : Sonnhohle, stairs
  • Pfaffenweiler : Batzenberg, Oberdürrenberg
  • Rümmingen : Sonnhohle
  • Schlatt : Maltese Garden, Steingrüble
  • Schliengen : Sun piece
  • Staufen / Grunern : Schlossberg
  • Because on the Rhine : Schlipfkrapfen, Stairs

The area Ortenau covers about 2,700 vineyards from Bermersbach in the south to Baden-Baden in the north. The predominant type of soil is heavily weathered granite and porphyry with occasional loess and loess clay pads. This provides excellent conditions for the Riesling, which is second only to the Pinot Noir before the Müller-Thurgau and here for historical reasons Klingelberger is called. There are relatively high amounts of precipitation. The area is divided into the two major locations Fürsteneck and Schloss Rodeck. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers:

The area Tauberfranken includes the vineyards between Bad Mergentheim-Dainbach and Wertheim-Dertingen along the eponymous Tauber. He is only part of Tauber valley, which was divided under wine law into three sections in three growing areas. The Baden part Tauberfranken covers 670 hectares of vineyards. The most common varieties here are Müller-Thurgau and Schwarzriesling. The predominant type of soil is shell limestone with loamy fine soils, as well as Keuper and Buntsandstein. There is only one large location called Tauberklinge. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers:

The area Tuniberg formerly formed a common cultivation area with the Kaiserstuhl. The separation was from a geological point of view, because the soil is not of volcanic origin, but it prevails limestone and loess. The vineyards cover 1,000 hectares of vineyards. The most important varieties are Spätburgunder and Müller-Thurgau. There is only one large location called Attila rocks. The wine-growing communities with their individual layers:

  • Gottenheim : Kirchberg
  • Quantities : Alemannenbuck
  • Merdingen : Buhl
  • Munzingen : chapel hill
  • Niederrimsingen : Rotgrund
  • Oberrimsingen : Franciscan
  • Opfingen : Sonnenberg
  • Tiengen : Rebtal
  • Waltershofen : stone wall

Blend

That with the Spätburgunder a red wine vine is at the top, there are only in the growing areas Ahr and Wuerttemberg, As in the other growing areas, however, the trend towards red grape varieties has been declining. Compared to 2009, there were no major changes. Wines from the Burgundy varieties are typical, Baden specialties are Weißherbst. Badish rose gold and Baden Selection, Status 2018 (0 = less than 0.5 ha):

vine
German main name
In Germany
common synonyms
colour hectare
2018
% -
Ant
hectare
2009
Pinot Noir
included Samtrot
Pinot Noir, Blue S., Pinot Noir
Blue Pinot Noir clone velvet red
red 5389 34.0 5794
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner, Riesling Sylvaner White 2397 15.1 2687
Ruländer Pinot gris, Pinot Gris White 2129 13.5 1703
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc White 1546 9.8 1196
Chasselas Chasselas, White Gassedel White 1094 6.9 1101
Riesling White Riesling, Rhine Riesling White 1019 6.4 1160
Chardonnay - White 259 1.6 162
Müllerrebe Meunier, Pinot Meunier red 224 1.4 260
regent - red 209 1.3 306
Red Traminer Traminer / Gewurztraminer White 148 0.9 154
Sauvignon Blanc Muskat-Sylvaner White 138 0.9 89
Green Silvaner Sylvaner, Sylvaner White 121 0.8 153
Cabernet Mitos - red 118 0.8 134
Yellow Muscat muscatel / Muscat Blanc White 108 0.7 64
Auxerrois Little Heunisch White 84 0.5 66
Limberger / Lemberger Blaufränkisch, Blue Limberger red 69 0.4 60
Scheurebe Seedling 88 White 56 0.5 43
Merlot - red 53 0.3 27
Kerner - White 52 0.3 71
Nobling - White 50 0.3 -
Bacchus - White 49 0.3 43
Solaris - White 43 0.3 37
Dornfelder - red 41 0.3 48
Cabernet Dorsa - red 33 0.2 35
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 28 0.2 20
Acolon - red 26 0.2 28
Cabernet Cortis - red 26 0.2 23
Johanniter - White 26 0.2 19
dark fields - red 25 0.2 48
Portuguese Blue Portuguese red 24 0.2 32
Trollinger Blue Trollinger, Schiava Grossa red 24 0.2 22
Souvignier Gris - White 21 0.2 -
Muscaris - White 16 0.1 -
Dakapo - red 15 0.1 -
St. Laurent - red 14 0.1 15
Bouvierfoundling White 12 0.1 12
prior - red 11 0.1 -
Syrah Shiraz red 11 0.1 5
Cabernet Blanc - White 10 0.1 -
Deckrot - red 10 0.1 -
Cabernet Franc - red 8th 0.1 5
monarch - red 7 - -
Cabernet Carbon - red 6 - -
Helios - White 6 - -
Muscat Ottonel - White 6 - -
Frühburgunder Blue Frühburgunder, Clevner red 5 - 5
Tauberschwarz Blue hanging man red 5 - 3
Blue Zweigelt Zweigelt, Rotburger red 4 - 4
Cabernet Carol - red 4 - -
Piroso - red 4 - -
Viognier - White 4 - -
Bronner - White 2 - 2
Cabernet Cubin - red 2 - 3
Cabernet Dorio - red 2 - 2
Palas - red 2 - 4
Blue Silvaner - White 1 - -
Freisamer - White 1 - 2
Goldmuskateller - White 1 - -
Green Valtellina - White 1 - -
Huxelrebe - White 1 - 1
Merzling - White 1 - 2
pearl - White 1 - -
Pinotin - red 1 - -
Rieslaner - White 1 - -
Tempranillo - red 1 - -
White Elbling Elbling White 1 - -
Blauburger - red 0 - -
Cabertin - red 0 - -
Domina - red 0 - -
Hegel - White 0 - -
Heroldrebe - red 0 - -
Hoelder - White 0 - -
jewel - White 0 - 1
Kernling - White 0 - -
Morio Muscat Morio White 0 - 0
Muskat-TrollingerMuscat d'Hamburg red 0 - -
Ortega - White 0 - -
Phoenix - White 0 - -
Saphira - White 0 - -
Siegerrebe - White 0 - -
otherwise. white varieties - White 13 0.1 19
otherwise red varieties - red 13 0.1 59
WHITE VARIETIES 9416 59.5 8856
RED VARIETIES 6412 40.5 6980
TOTAL 15828 100 15836


producers

More than three quarters of the vineyard is out of the approximately 100 Winzergenossenschaften processed. These make use of the huge central winery founded in 1952 Baden wine cellar, which is one of the largest in Europe. Well-known producers are Aufricht Robert & Manfred. Augit. Axel Bauer. Baden wine cellar. Bercher. Bercher-Schmidt. Bian. Bickensohler. Blankenhorn. Branding iron Dirk. Castle Ravensburg. Burkheimer winemakers at the Kaiserstuhl. Doerflinger. Clauer Joerg. Dr. Heger. Duijn. Durbacher Winzergenossenschaft. Enderle & Minor. Fendt wine family. Fischer Otto. Baron von Gleichenstein. Freiherr von and to Franckenstein. Frey Martin. Frick Bernhard. Brothers Müller. Gräflich Wolff Metternich'sches winery. Gravino. Heitlinger. Hero Norbert. Hofgut Consequence. Holub Horst. Huber Bernhard. Hummel Bernd. Hunn Kilian. Jägle Bernhard. John Karl-Heinz. Kalkbödele. Karle Gerhard. Keller Franz. Pine Frederick. Klumpp Ulrich. Knab. Köbelin Arndt. Kopp Johannes. Laible Andreas. Lämmlin-Schindler. Landmann Jürgen. Male Andreas.

Heinrich. Marget Klaus-Martin. Margrave of Baden (Salem, Staufenberg), Muller Adam. Nägelsförst. Nieger Sven. Pfaffenweiler wine house. Pix Reinhold. Plag Werner. Imperial Count and Marquis to Hoensbroech. Reinecker Herbert. Rinklin Friedhelm. Salwey. Guess Gregor and Thomas. Guess Leopold. Schlör Konrad. Schlossgut Ebringen. Castle estate Istein. Castle Neuweier. Castle Ortenberg. Tailor Claus. Schneider Reinhold. Schlumberger Hartmut. Schweigler Dieter. Seeger Thomas. State Wine Estate Freiburg. State Wine Estate Meersburg. Stigler Andreas. St. Remigius. Trautwein Hans-Peter. Wassmer Martin. Weber Werner. Wiesler Michael. WG Achkarren. WG Königschaffhausen. Wöhrle Markus. Zähringer Wilhelm. Zeller Abtsberg winegrower. Ziereisen,

Kaiserstuhl / Oberbergen: © DWI (German Wine Institute)

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