The cultivation area lies in the federal state Baden-Wuerttemberg in Germany and is differentiated in South Baden and North Baden. It stretches almost 400 kilometers from Lake Constance along the Upper Rhine Plain via the Badische Bergstraße and the Kraichgau to Tauberfranken. The vineyards cover 15,828 hectares of vines. To the north lies the city Heidelberg with the already founded in 1386 the latest German university. The Badische Weinstraße starts north of this city and leads to Ortenau in Südbaden. Already in the 2nd century, viticulture spread from Lake Constance to the north. It reached its peak in the 16th century.
It is the southernmost German wine-growing region. Because of the above average warm climate Baden is the only one to Wine growing zone B and thus to the same zone as the French regions Alsace. Savoy and Loire, and also Austria belongs. The nine areas are quite different in terms of landscape and climate. The highest temperatures are on the southern slopes of the Kaiserstuhl. The soil types range from gravel, marl and clay to chalk, clay and loess, to limestone and Keuper.
The Baden region is divided into the nine areas Badische Bergstrasse, Lake Constance, Breisgau, Kaiserstuhl, Kraichgau, Markgräflerland, Ortenau, Tauber and Tuniberg with 15 major locations and 315 individual locations. The lying in the north area Badische Bergstraße formed until 1971 together with the Hessian mountain road the growing area Bergstraße. This smallest area covers just under 400 hectares of vineyards. Due to the mild climate, he is also referred to as the "Riviera of Germany". The vineyards are concentrated in a few villages north and south of Heidelberg. The predominant type of soil is loess clay with underground sandstone and shell limestone. Contrary to the name, there are vineyards in "only" 150 to 250 meters above sea level. There is only one location Rittersberg. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers:
The second smallest area with about 600 hectares of vineyards Lake Constance is the southernmost winegrowing area in Germany. After a legend, Charles III. (839-888), a great-grandson Charlemagne (742-814) the Spätburgunder after Bodman. On Lake Constance in the 1920s in Germany was the first time Müller-Thurgau grown. The soils are characterized by glacial moraine gravel and molasse (rock deposits). The mirror of Lake Constance is 396 meters, the vineyards extend to 560 meters above sea level. The extinct volcanic cone Hohentwiel is the highest vineyard in Germany. Due to this altitude prevails here for Baden relatively cool climate. There is only a great location sun shore. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers:
The area Breisgau covers about 1,600 hectares of vineyards along the slopes of the Black Forest of Freiburg in the south to Lahr in the north. However, it must not be confused with the much larger geographical region Breisgau. The soils are dominated by loess, shell limestone and gneiss. There are higher rainfall amounts. The most common varieties are more than 40% Pinot Noir, as well as Müller-Thurgau and Pinot Gris. The area is divided into three major locations: Schutter-Lindenberg, Burg Lichteneck and Burg Zähringen. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers:
The southern Kaiserstuhl area is by far the largest with over 4,100 hectares of vineyards. He is named after the extinct volcanic cone of the same name. Accordingly prevail Vulkanverwitterungs-, but also loess soils. Climatically, the Kaiserstuhl is particularly favorable for viticulture. The warmest region in Germany can be found on the southern slopes around Achkarren and Ihringen. The most common varieties are with 40% Pinot Noir, as well as Müller-Thurgau and Pinot Gris. There is only one major location called volcanic rock. The wine-growing communities with their individual layers:
The northern Kraichgau area covers over 1,200 hectares of vineyards. Until 1996 he formed a common area with the Badischer Bergstraße. The prevailing soil type is deep, calcareous loess, which manifests itself in the partly very spacious curved terraces. In contrast to all other areas, around 20% of the Riesling is here, followed by Pinot Noir, Müller-Thurgau and Pinot Gris. The area is divided into the three major cities Hohenberg, Mannaberg and...