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Bairrada

DOC area in the west of the Portuguese region Beiras near the atlantic coast. It is an ancient wine-growing region, in the 14th and 15th centuries a third of the area was used for viticulture. At the beginning of the 18th century, the dark and tannin-rich red wines were very popular in England and were also used as port wines (from the area north of them) Douro ) or blended with it. When the borders for the port wine was established by the then Portuguese Prime Minister Marques de Pombal (1699-1782) ordered to clear the Bairrada vineyards to protect port wine. In 1908 the area was removed from the list of wine-growing areas by the government. It was not until 1979 that the area was again classified as Vinho Regional (country wines) and later as a DOC area. Luiz Costa, the owner of the Caves São João winery, made a great contribution to the area, who is committed to high quality standards and co-founded the Bairrada Wine Brotherhood (Academy for Bairrada Wine).

The vineyards cover around 15,000 hectares of vineyards, which are divided into many small estates. The name Bairrada derives from the Portuguese term for the predominant clay or loam, which is enriched with lime. Unusual for Portugal dominates with the red one Baga clearly a grape variety with over 70% of the vineyard area. Around 70% of the red wines are made from this, which must contain at least 50% of the variety. Other native varieties are Borrado das Moscas ( Bical ) Castelão Francês, Maria Gomes ( Fernão Pires ) Rabo de Ovelha and Tinta Pinheira ( Rufete ). Many sparkling wines are also produced, but they have no DOC status. The main types of white wine for this are Bical and Maria Gomes ( Fernão Pires ). Well-known producers are Casa de Saima, Caves Allianzca, Caves São João, Fonseca, Luis Pato, Quinta da Rigodeira and Sogrape, The latter has a large winery in Anadia, where the majority of the famous rose wine Mateus is produced.

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